# Process of Community-based Sustainable CO2 Management

• Park, Jae-Hyun ;
• Hong, Tae-Hoon
• Published : 2011.05.27
• 97 9

#### Abstract

According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), many countries around the world have been concerned with reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Reducing the level of building energy consumption is particularly important in bringing GHG down. Because of this, many countries including the US and the EU are enforcing energy-related policies. However, these policies are focused on management of single types of buildings such as public buildings and office buildings, instead of management on a national level. Thus, although various policies have been enforced in many countries, $CO_2$ management on a national level is still not an area of focus. Therefore, this study proposed a community-based $CO_2$ management process that allows government-led GHG management. The minimum unit of the community in this study is a plot, and the process consists of three steps. First, the current condition of the GHG emission was identified by plot. Second, based on the identified results, the GHG emission reduction target was distributed per plot by reflecting the weighted value according to (i) the target $CO_2$ reduction in the buildings in the standard year, (ii) region, and (iii) building usage and size. Finally, to achieve the allocated target reduction, building energy management was executed according to the properties of the building located on each plot. It can be expected that the proposed community-based $CO_2$ management process will enable government-level GHG management, through which environment-friendly building construction can be promoted.

#### Keywords

Carbon Dioxide;Carbon Dioxide Management;Carbon Dioxide Reduction;Community

#### References

1. Korea Energy Management Corporation, Korea Energy Management Corporation: Climate Change Mitigation Project, 2006 Web accessed at http://co2.kemco.or.kr/.
2. Korea Research Council for Industrial Science & Technology, Development of Low/Zero Carbon Green Home, 1st year Research Rep., Korea Research Council for Industrial Science & Technology, Seoul, 2010.
3. Lee, J., "Urban Renaissance Information and Energy Plan: $CO_{2}$Emission Monitoring," Smart Urban Renaissance based on NSDI, Koyang, September 10, 2009.
4. Osmani, M., O'Reilly, A., "Feasibility of zero carbon homes in England by 2016: a house builder's perspective," Building and Environment, vol. 44, no.9, pp. 1917-1924, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.01.005
5. Park, J., Hong. T. (2011) "Maintenance Management Process for Reducing $CO_{2}$ Emission in the Complex Shopping Mall," Energy and Buildings, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 894-904, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.12.010
6. Park, J., Hong, T., "Improvements of Policies related Building Energy Reduction in Korea," Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 32-40, 2010.
7. Rossello-Batle, B., Moia, A., Cladera, A., Martinez, V., "Energy use, $CO_{2}$ emissions and waste throughout the life cycle of a sample of hotels in the Balearic Islands," Energy and Buildings, vol. 42, no.4, pp. 547-558, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2009.10.024
8. Suzuki, H., Dastur, A., Moffatt, S., Yabuki, N., $Eco^{2}$ Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities, The World Bank, Washington DC, 2009.
9. Suzuki, M., Oka, T., "Estimation of life cycle energy consumption and $CO_{2}$ emission of office buildings in Japan," Energy and Buildings, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 33-41, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00010-3
10. T'Serclaes, P., Financing Energy Efficient Homes: Existing policy responses to financial barriers, International Energy Agency, Paris, 2007.
11. The American Institute of Architects, Top Ten Green projects, 2008 Web accessed at http://www.aiatopten.org/.
12. The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea, Integrated Legislation Knowledge Management System, 2002 Web accessed at http://likms.assembly.go.kr.

#### Cited by

1. Prediction Model of CO2 Emission for Residential Buildings in South Korea vol.30, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000228

#### Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)