Flame Retardancy of Novel Phosphorus Flame Retardant for Polyurethane Foam

새로운 인계 난연제가 연질폴리우레탄 폼의 난연성에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Chang Bum (Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Seo, Won Jin (R&D Division, HYUNDAI-KIA MOTORS) ;
  • Kwon, Oh Deok (R&D Division, HYUNDAI-KIA MOTORS) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Bum (Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyonggi University)
  • 김창범 (경기대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 서원진 (현대자동차 고분자 재료연구팀) ;
  • 권오덕 (현대자동차 고분자 재료연구팀) ;
  • 김상범 (경기대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 2011.08.10
  • Accepted : 2011.09.01
  • Published : 2011.10.10

Abstract

Novel phosphrous flame retardant tetramethylene bis(orthophosphorylurea) (TBPU) was synthesized by the reaction of diphosphoric acid with 1,4-butanediol and urea, and charaterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). As the amount of TBPU added in polyurethane foam (PUF) was increased, the flame retardancy of PUF was increased and the mechanical properties were not decreased. Also, in the flame resistance test after the reduced pressure storage, the flame retardancy of TBPU added PUF was retained. We could find out that the thermal resistance of TBPU added PUF increased compared to that of pure PUF.

Keywords

flame retardant;polyurethane foam;diphosphoric acid;elution

References

  1. G. Wood, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1990).
  2. M. Szycher, Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (1999).
  3. S. B. Kim, Y. H. Kim, and Y. J. Son, KIGAS, 6, 98 (2002).
  4. G. Oertel, Polyurethane Handbook, Hanser Publisher, New York (1985).
  5. M. Szycher, Handbook of Polyurethanes; CRC Press: Washington, DC (1999).
  6. Z. Tang, M. Valer, J. M. Anderson, J. W. Miller, M. L. Listemann, P. L. McDaniel, D. K. Morita, and W. R. Furlan, Polymer, 43, 6471 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00602-X
  7. S. V. Levchik and E. D. Weil, Polym. Int., 53, 1585 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.1314
  8. G. L. Nelsion, Fire and Polymers, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. (1990).
  9. M. Lewis, S. M. Altas, and E. M. Pearce, Flame-Retardant Polymer Materials, Plenum Press, New York (1975).
  10. J. Kim, K. Lee, J. Bae, J. Yang, and S. Hong, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 79, 201 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(02)00272-0
  11. A. R. Horrocks, J. Zhang, and M. E. Hall, Polym. Int., 33, 303 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.1994.210330310
  12. C. S. Wang and C. H. Lin, Polymer, 40, 747 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(98)00288-2
  13. T. S Leu and C. S. Wang, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 92, 410 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1002/app.13689
  14. C. P. Yang and S. H. Hsiao, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 36, 1221 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1988.070360521
  15. S. Duquesne, M. L. Bras, S. Bourbigot, R. Delobel, G. Camino, B. Eling, C. Lindsay, T. Roels, and H. Vezin, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 82, 3262 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1002/app.2185
  16. M. Modesti, A. Lorenzetti, F. Simioni, and M. Checchin, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 74, 475 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(01)00171-9
  17. Y. L. Liu, G. H. Hsine, Y. S. Chiu, R. J. Jeng, and C. Ma, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 59, 1619 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19960307)59:10<1619::AID-APP14>3.0.CO;2-R
  18. G. Camino, L. Costa, and M. P. Luda di Cortemiglia, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 33, 131 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-3910(91)90014-I
  19. A. E. Sherr, H. C. Gillham, and Klein, Adv. Chem. Ser., 85, 307 H. G. (1968).
  20. S. K. Brauman, J Fire Flammability, 6, 41 (1976).
  21. S. K. Brauman, Fire Retard, 4, 18 (1977).
  22. S. Y. Jung, S. K. Kang, and I. S. Cho, Applied Chemistry for Engineering, 18, 4 (2007)
  23. D. J. Chung, C. H. Hung, and H. S. Park, Journal of the Korean Oil Chemists' Society, 20, 57 (2003).