The Effect of Visual Bio-feedback Training on Balance and Postural Control in Stroke Patients

시지각 바이오피드백 훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 및 자세조절에 미치는 영향

  • Lim, Soo-Jeong (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sahm-Yook University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Soo (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Na-Ra (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sahm-Yook University) ;
  • Kim, Seong-Sik (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sahm-Yook University) ;
  • Lee, Byoung-Hee (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Sahm-Yook University)
  • 임수정 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 이종수 (경희대학교 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 김나라 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김성식 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 이병희 (삼육대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2010.12.15
  • Accepted : 2011.01.14
  • Published : 2011.01.30

Abstract

Objectives : This study was to investigate the visual bio-feedback training for 5 weeks on balance and postural control for patients with stroke. Methods : The 26 subjects were randomly selected from the patients of the E hospital in the S city who met the study conditions. They were divided into a visual bio-feedback training group of 13 patients and a self-resistance exercise group of 13 patients. The visual bio-feedback training group received visual bio-feedback and general physiotherapy for five weeks and the self-resistance exercise group received cycling and general physiotherapy for the same period. The subjects were measured and compared for stability index, weight distribution index, fall down index, functional reach test and timed up and go test before and after the program. Results : The visual bio-feedback training group showed significant changes after the experiment in stability index, weight distribution index, functional reach test and timed up and go test(p<0.05), and the self-resistance exercise group also showed significant differences(p<0.05). The changes between prior to and after the experiment show that the visual bio-feedback training group had more significant effects than the self-resistance exercise group(p<0.05). Conclusions : The visual bio-feedback training for five weeks had effects in the improvement of the balance and posture control of stroke patients. Based on these results, more effective training programs should be developed and propagated.

Keywords

Stroke;Visual bio-feedback training;Balance;Postural control

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