Establishment of Cropping System for Organic Forage Production in Middle Region of Korea

중부지역에서 유기조사료 생산을 위한 작부체계 확립

  • Received : 2010.12.07
  • Accepted : 2011.08.22
  • Published : 2011.09.30


This experiment was conducted to investigate the selection of regional double cropping system for production of organic forage in middle part of Korea and investigated their productivity, feed values and stock carrying capacity. The test results proved the Sorghum${\times}$Sudangrass hybrid was 10.9 $ton{\cdot}ha^{-1}$, the one of Rye + Red clover and Rye + Hairy vetch were the highest one as 3.3 $ton{\cdot}ha^{-1}$ and the relative yield about a Rye is higher in the dry matter yield in the field soil. And as for the relative forage values (RFV), Corn is the most excellent ones as 96.6 but there were no the significant difference between the Sorghum${\times}$Sudangrass hybrid of 84.4 and it. The total digestible nutrient (TDN) content in Rye + Hairy vetch is higher than others as 59.7%. As for the relative feed value, Rye + Red clover is the highest one as 83.8 but there was no significant differences between them. As for the ability to raise livestock in the field soil, the average values of $K_{CP}$ and $K_{TDN}$ are shown as 4.27 head/ha/yr in Sorghum${\times}$Sudangrass hybrid. As for the same crops, the average values of $K_{CP}$ and $K_{TDN}$ showed the highest ones as 1.74 head/ha/yr, in Rye + Red clover but there were no the significant differences. As for the dry matter yield of the rice field soil, organic rice straw was 3.3 $ton{\cdot}ha^{-1}$ and Rye + Red clover significantly showed the highest values as 4.1 $ton{\cdot}ha^{-1}$. In the rice filed soil, the crude protein content of organic rice straw was 3.1% and the TDN content of organic rice straw was 55%. The TDN content in Rye + Red clover was higher than others as 59.7%. As for the relative forage values, Rye + Red clover showed the highest one as 83.8 but there were no significant differences between them. As for the ability to raise livestock in the rice field, the average values of $K_{CP}$ and $K_{TDN}$ in the organic rice straw was 1.04 head/ha/yr and the average values of $K_{CP}$ and $K_{TDN}$ in Rye + Red clover is the highest one as 1.84 head/ha/yr, but there were no significant differences in all of them.


Supported by : 농촌진흥청


  1. 김동암.권찬호.한건준. 1992. 청예용 호밀의 수확시기가 사초의 수량과 사료가치에 미치는 영향. 한국초지조사료학회지. 12(3): 173-177.
  2. 권찬호.김동암. 1994. 조.만생 사초용 호밀의 파종 및 수확시기에 관한 연구 II. 파종 및 수확시기별 수량 및 사료가치. 한국초지조사료학회지. 14(4): 316-323.
  3. 농림부. 2008. 농림업 주요 통계집.
  4. 박호기.김영두.신만균.서석기.채재석.고재현.장영선. 1988. 남부지방에 적합한 사료 작물과 수도 작부체계에 관한 연구. 농시논문집(축산편). 30(1): 33-46.
  5. 배동호.정근기. 1985. 볏짚 암모니아 처리 시 암모니아원으로써 요소의 이용에 관한 연구. 영남대학교 농축산대학 핵심전문연구 최종보고서.
  6. 서종호.김석동. 2005. 논의 밭전환 연차간 우분시용에 의한 질소공급 및 밭사료작물의 생산력 변화. 한국작물학회지. 50(6): 387-393.
  7. 이석순.이정모. 1989. 흑조위축병이 심한 남부지방에서 옥수수를 중심으로 한 사료작물 작부체계. 한작지. 34(1): 30-39.
  8. 이주삼. 2006. 자원 순환형 농업을 위한 유기경종(자원순환형 유기농업 표준 모델 개발). 농림부.
  9. 윤세형.김종근.정의수.성시홍. 2007. 중부지역에서 유기조사료 생산에 적합한 작부체계에 관한 연구. 한국초지학회지. 27(4): 275-280.
  10. 조익환. 2003. 지역별 순환농업에서 가축분뇨의 시용이 Tall fescue의 잠재생산성에 미치는 영향. 한국유기농업학회지. 1문(1): 69-83.
  11. 축산과학원. 2007. 한국가축사양표준(한우).
  12. Anon. 1973. Rondup (R) herbicids formulation of isopropylamine salt of glyphosate (Nphosphonomethglycine). Postmergence herbicide. Monsanto Agric. Div., St, Louis. Missouri. Tech. Bull. Mon 0573-2-73.
  13. A.O.A.C. 1990. Official Methods of analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington D.C.
  14. Briggle, L. W. 1959. GroWing Rye. U.S.D.A. Farmers' Bull. No. 2146.
  15. Dilz, K., K. J. Postmus, and W. H. Prins. 1990. Residual effect of long term applications of farmyard manure to silage maize. Fertilizer Research 26: 249-252.
  16. Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van soest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis. USDA Agric. handbook No. 379. Washington, D.C.
  17. Heizel, K. A. 1974. The agronomic significance of mixed cropping. I. Maize interplanted with cowpea. Ghana J. Agric. Sci. 7: 169-178.
  18. James, R. A. and R. K. Obura. 1983. Yield of Corn, cowpea and soybean under different intercropping systems. Agron. J. 75: 1005-1009.
  19. Jo, I. H. 1989. wirksamkeit der mineralischen Stickstoffduengung auf Ertrag und Pflanzebbestand des Gruenlandes im osterreichischen Alpenraum. Diss. Univ. Bpdenkultur. Wien.
  20. Loomis, R. S. and D. J. Connor. 1998. Crop Ecology. p. 28.
  21. Lund, Z. F. and B. D. Doss. 1980. Residual effect of Dairy cattle manure on plant growth and soil properties. Agronomy Journal 72: 123-130.
  22. Martin, J. H., W. H. Leonard, and D. L. Stamp. 1976. Principle of field crop production. Collier MacMillan Pub. London. Third ed.
  23. Osman, A. E. and A. M. Osman. 1982. Performance of mixture of cereal and legume forage under irrigation in the Sudan. T. Agric. Sci. Camb. 98: 72-71.
  24. Russelle, M. P. and W. L. Hargrove. 1989. Cropping system: Ecology and management. pp. 277-317. In R. F. Follett (ed) Nitrogen management and groundwater protection. Elsevier Science Publ. Co. New York.
  25. Ta, T. C. and M. A. Faris. 1987. species variation in the fixation and transfer of N from legumes to associated grasses. Plant Soil. 98: 265-274.
  26. Wolf, J. and H. Van Keulen. 1989. Modelling long-term crop response to fertilizer and soil nitrogen. II. Comparison with field result. Plant and soil 120: 23-38.
  27. Hay, R. K. M. and M. K. Abbas al-ani. 1983. The physiology of forage Rye. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 101: 63-70.