Developmental Characteristics and Feeding Behavior of Green Peach Aphid (Myzus persicae) on Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Cultivars

착색단고추 품종에 따른 복숭아혹진딧물의 발육특성 및 섭식행동

  • Yoon, Kyu-Sik (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Seo, Mi-Ja (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kang, Min-Ah (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kwon, Hye-Ri (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Min-Woo (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jo, Shin-Hyuk (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Youn, Young-Nam (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University)
  • 윤규식 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 서미자 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 강민아 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 권혜리 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 박민우 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 조신혁 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 유용만 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 윤영남 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과)
  • Received : 2011.06.13
  • Accepted : 2011.11.25
  • Published : 2011.12.30


To investigate host preferencse of Myzus persicae on 15 sweet pepper cultivars grown in Jeonnam Province, EPG (electrical penetration graph) and life table experiments were carried out in the laboratory. Phloem phase times were significantly longer on Ferrari, Jinju, Debla, and Rapido than Orobell and Thialf. Non-penetration times were conversely observed. Life span, reproduction period, total fecundity, and intrinsic rate of increase ($r_m$) of M. persicae, were higher on Ferrari, Debla, Orange glory, and Jinju than on Purple, GreenAce, Orobell, and Thialf. On the bases of these results, we conclude that M. persicae preferred Ferrari, Jinju, Orange glory, and Debla among the 15 tested sweet pepper varieties. However, we could not show the preference of the aphid for Purple, Orobell, and Thialf.


Supported by : 농림수산식품기획평가원(IPET)


  1. Bae, S.D., Y.H. Song and Y.D. Park. 1987. Effects of temperature conditions on the growth and oviposition of brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal. Kor. J. Plant Prot. 26(1): 13-23.
  2. Billy, A.I., W.M. Tingey and G.A. Schaefers. 1997. Population dynamics and clonal comparisons of cowpea aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) on resistant and susceptible cowpea cultivars. Environ. Entomol. 26(2): 250-255.
  3. Choi, M.Y., G.H. Lee, C.H. Paik and D.H. Kim. 2001. Development and predation of an aphidophagous gall midge, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Myzus Persicae Sulzer. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 40(1): 44-49.
  4. Choi, M.Y., J.H. Kim, H.Y. Kim, Y.W. Byeon and Y.H. Lee. 2009. Biological control based IPM of insect pests on sweet pepper in greenhouse in the summer. Korn. J. Appl. Entomol. 48(4): 503-508.
  5. Givovich, A., J. Weibull and J. Pettersson. 1988. Cowpea aphid performance and behaviour on two resistant cowpea lines. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 49(3): 259-264.
  6. Guldemond, J.A., W.J. van den Brink and E. dan Belder. 1998. Methods of assessing population increase in aphids and the effects of growth stage of the host plant on population growth rates. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 86: 163-173.
  7. Hu, X.S., H.Y. Zhao, Z.Q. Hu, D.H. LI and Y.H. Zhang. 2008. EPG comparison of Sitobion avenae (Fab.) feeding behaviors on three wheat varieties. Agricul. Sci. China. 7: 180-186.
  8. Hwang, I.C., J.H. Kim and Y.H. Song. 2002. Changes in the fitness of brown plathopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal (Homoptera: Delphacidae) to several resistant rice varieties after multi-generational selection. Kor. J. Appl. entomol. 41(2): 113-121.
  9. Jeong, C.H., W.H. Ko, J.R. Cho, C.G. Ahn and K.H. Shim. 2006. Chemical components of Korean paprika according to cultivars. Korean J. Food Preserv. 13(1): 43-49.
  10. Khan, Z.R. and R.C. Saxena. 1988. Probing behavior of three biotypes of Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae) on different resistant and susceptible rice varieties. J. Econ. Entomol. 81(5): 1338-1345.
  11. Kim, J. H., H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Kim, Y. H. Lee and M. S. Lee. 2008. Field application program for the biological control of the pests on sweet pepper (Summer culture type). Ann. Res. NIAST (Agricul. Biol. Res.): 1827-1839.
  12. Kim, J.S. and T.H. Kim. 2004. Temperature-dependent fecundity and life table parameters of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on cucumber plants. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 43(3): 211-215.
  13. Kim, J.S., T.H. Kim and S.G. Lee. 2005. Bionomics of the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae Sulzer) adults on Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris). Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 44(3): 213-217.
  14. Kim, N.S., M.J. Seo and Y.N. Youn. 2005. Characteristics of feeding behavior of the rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, using electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique on different rice varieties. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 44(3): 177-187.
  15. Kimmins, F.M. 1989. Electrical penetration graphs from Nilaparvata lugens on resistant and susceptible rice varieties. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 50(1): 69-79.
  16. Kocourek, F., J. Havelka, J. Berankova and V. Jarosik. 1994. Effect of temperature on developmental rate and intrinsic rate of increase of Aphis gossypii reared on greenhouse cucumbers. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 71(1): 59-64.
  17. Kordan, B., B. Gabrys, K. Dancewicz, L.B. Lahuta, A. Piotrowicz- Cieśślak and E. Rowinska. 2008. European yellow lupine, Lupinus luteus, and narrow-leaf lupine, Lupinus angustifolius, as hosts for the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 128: 139-146.
  18. Koshihara, T. 1988. Chemical control of the diamondback moth in Japan. Pestic. Infor. 53, 14-17.
  19. Laamari, M., L. Khelfa and A.C. d'Acier. 2008. Resistance source to cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in broad bean (Vicia faba L.) Algerian landrace collection. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7(14): 2486-2490.
  20. Lee, J.U. 2001. Present status of cultivation of sweet pepper and prospect of export. Horticul. Res. 14(2): 36-41.
  21. Lee, S.R. 1982. Overall assessment of organochlorine insecticide residues in Korean foods. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 14(1): 82-94.
  22. Lei, H., J.C. van Lenteren and W.F. Tjallingii. 1999. Analysis of resistance in tomato and sweet pepper against the greenhouse whitefly using electrically monitored and visually observed probing and feeding behaviour. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 92: 299-309.
  23. Maia, A.H.N., A.J.B. Luiz and C. Campanhola. 2000. Statistical inference on associated fertility life table parameters using Jackknife technique: Computational aspects. J. Econ. Entomol. 93(2): 511-518.
  24. Meyer, J.S., C.G. Igersoll, L.L. Macdonald and M.S. Boyce. 1986. Estimating uncertainty in population growth rates: Jackknife vs bootstrap techniques. Ecology 67(5): 1156-1166.
  25. Miao, J., and B.Y. Han. 2007. The probing behavior of the tea green leafhopper on different tea plant cultivars. Acta Ecologica Sinica. 27(10): 3973-3982.
  26. Obopile, M. and B. Ositile. 2010. Life table and population parameters of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) on five cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp.) varieties. J. Pest Sci. 83(1): 9-14.
  27. Ofuya, T.I. 1988. Antibiosis in some cowpea varieties resistant to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Int. Pest Contr. 30: 68-69.
  28. Park, J.E., H. Yi, C.G. Kim, S.C. Jeong, W.K. Yoon, K.W. Park, B.K. Lee and H.M. Kim. 2007. The effect of the anthracnose resistant chili pepper (PepEST gene) on the non-target insects, green peach aphids (Myzus persicae Sulzer, Homoptera). Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 46(3): 343-348.
  29. Reinink, K., F.L. Dieleman, J. Jansen, A.M. Montenarie. 1989. Interactions between plant and aphid genotypes in resistance of lettuce to Myzus persicae and Macrosiphum euphorbiae. Euphytica 43(3): 215-222.
  30. Ruggle, P., A.P. Gutierrez 1995. Use of life tables to assess host plant resistance in alfalfa to Therioaphis trifolii f. maculate (Homoptera: Aphididae): Hypothesis for maintenance of resistance. Environ. Entomol. 24(2): 313-325.
  31. Seo, M.J., J.K. Jang, E.J. Kang, M.K. Kang, N.S. Kim, Y.M. Yu and Y.N. Youn. 2005. Feeding behavior in the plant tissues with green peach aphid (Myzus persicae, Aphididae; Homoptera) using EPG technique. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 44(4): 271-276.
  32. Song, S.S. and N. Motoyama. 1996. Effect of temperatures on the growth of susceptible and malathion resistant green peach aphids strains. Korean. J. Appl. Entomol. 35(4): 297-301.
  33. Song, Y.H., S.Y. Choi and J.S. Park. 1972. Studies on the varietal resistance of "Tong-il" variety (IR-667) to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stal. Kor. J. Plant Prot. 11(2): 61-68.
  34. Tjallingii, W.F. 1978. Electronic recording of penetration behavior by aphids. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 24(3): 721-730.
  35. Velusamy, R. and E.A. Heinrichs. 1986. Electronic monitoring of feeding behavior of Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae) on resistant and susceptible rice cultivars. Environ. Entomol. 15(3): 678-682.
  36. Yang, J.O., E.H. Kim, C.M. Yoon, K.S. Ahn and G.H. Kim. 2009. Comparison of feeding behavior of B and Q biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) against red pepper and tomato varieties. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 48(2): 179-188.