Depolymerization of Kraft Lignin at Water-Phenol Mixture Solvent in Near Critical Region

물-페놀 혼합 용매의 근임계 하에서의 크래프트 리그닌의 저분자화

Eom, Hee-Jun;Hong, Yoon-Ki;Chung, Sang-Ho;Park, Young-Moo;Lee, Kwan-Young

  • Received : 2011.03.03
  • Accepted : 2011.03.18
  • Published : 2011.03.31


Plant biomass has been proposed as an alternative source of petroleum-based chemical compounds. Especially, aromatic chemical compounds can be obtained from lignin by depolymerization processes because the lignin consist of complex aromatic materials. In this study, kraft lignin, the largest emitted substance among several kinds of lignin in Korea, was used as a starting material and was characterized by solid-state $^{13}C$-Muclear Magnetic Resonance($^{13}C$-NMR), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy(FT-IR), Elemental Analysis(EA). The depolymerization of kraft lignin was studied at water-phenol mixture solvent in near critical region and the experiments were conducted using a batch type reactor. The effects of water-to-phenol ratio and reaction temperature($300-400^{\circ}C$) were investigated to determine the optimum operating conditions. Additionally, the effects of formic acid as a hydrogen-donor solvent instead of $H_2$ gas were examined. The chemical species and quantities in the liquid products were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy(GC-MS), and solid residues(char) were analyzed using FT-IR. GC-MS analysis confirmed that the aromatic chemicals such as anisole, o-cresol(2-methylphenol), p-cresol(4-methylphenol), 2-ethylphenol, 4-ethylphenol, dibenzofuran, 3-methyl cabazole and xanthene were produced when phenol was added in the water as a co-solvent.


Kraft Lignin;Water-Phenol;Near Critical Region;Depolymerization;Aromatic compound;Formic acid


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Supported by : 한국연구재단