The Effects of Maum Meditation on Anxiety, Self-esteem and Self-actualization for Teachers

마음수련명상이 교사의 불안, 자아존중감 및 자아실현에 미치는 효과

  • Lee, In-Soo (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Chungju National University) ;
  • Kim, Jee-Hee (Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Kangwon National University)
  • 이인수 (충주대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 김지희 (강원대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2011.10.03
  • Accepted : 2011.12.13
  • Published : 2011.12.31


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Maum meditation on anxiety, self-esteem and self-actualization of teachers and this is a one-group pretest-posttest design study. Three times of surveys were carried out for seven nights and eight days including July 25 - August 1, August 1 - 8, 2009 and January 2 - 9, 2010. Before and after Maum meditation, 108 teachers in the faculty training filled out the structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0. The results showed that there was a significant difference in self-esteem of the teachers between before and after Maum meditation(p=.001). The self-actualization of the teachers was also found to be significant before and after the meditation(p=.002). Maum meditation decreased the teachers' anxiety level and improved considerably the self-esteem and self-actualization level. So it is necessary to develop the self-concept questionnaire that can support the mental health promotion intervention program.




Supported by : 충주대학교


  1. Kim, C.W., Kwon, M.H., "The Influence of Teachers' Leisure Activity Participation on Self-actualization", The Korean J of Physical Education, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 303-315, 2003.
  2. Kim, J.M., "An Exploration of Some Determinant Variables Affecting Self Actualization of College Students Majoring in Dance, The Korean J of Physical Education, Vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 621-630, 2003.
  3. An, J.S., "The Teacher Behavior Characteristics Concerning the Educational Goal of ' Self-Actualization' on the Part of Children : A Humanistic Analysis of Teacher Behavior", The J of Educational Research, Vol. 7, pp. 35-53, 1991.
  4. Um, M.R., Ha, Y.S., "A Study on the Relationship between Self-Actualization and Mental Health of Nursing Students, J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 2, pp. 23-38, 1993.
  5. Woo, M., "The Place Where One Becomes Real Is The Real Place", Seoul: Cham Publishing Corp., 2008.
  6. Min, S.Y., "Depression, Self-esteem, and Quality of Life in a Community Population", J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-10, 2010.
  7. Kim, S.Y., Jeon, E.Y., Kim, K.B., Suh, Y.O., "The Influencing Factors on Self-actualization in Middle-aged Women", The J of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 602-611, 2002.
  8. Rosenberg, M., Society and the Adolescent Self Image, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965.
  9. Bae, J.H., "The relationship between self identity and self-esteem", Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University, Daegu, 1984.
  10. Kwahk, S.H., Kim, S.O., "Depression and Anxiety Related with Married Women's Attachment Security and Self-esteem: Focused on the Mothers of Elementary School Students", J Korean Home Economics Association, Vol. 45, No. 7, pp. 35-48, 2007.
  11. Lee, H.S., "Difference between Relationship Satisfaction and Psychological Characteristics by Adult Attachment Types of College Students : Anxiety, Perceived Control, Self-Esteem and Psychological Safety", Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungnam University, Changwon, 2009.
  12. Lee, E.A.,, Chung, H.J., "Adolescents' Psychological Maladjustment According to Family Related Variables", Korean J of Family Welfare, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 69-86, 2000.
  13. Lee, J.H., Lee, G.C., Choi, Y.M., "Anxiety and Depression of Female Elementary School Teachers", J Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 825-831, 1994.
  14. Lee, J.H., Kim, Y.M., Choi, Y.M., "The Effect of Meditation on Depression and Anxiety", J Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 491-499, 1999.
  15. Kim, J.H., "A Psychological Examination of Vipassana Meditation", Duksung J of Social Science, Vo.l 4, pp. 35-60, 1996.
  16. Woo, M., "The Formula From Heaven That Will Save the World", Cham Publishing Corp., 2005.
  17. Son, M.O., "Influence of Teachers' Self-efficacy and Stress Coping on the Anxiety and Psychosomatic Symptom", Unpublished master's thesis, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 2004.
  18. Lim, S.L., Lee, K.N., "The Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem and Health Promoting Lifestyle of Teachers in Korea", Korean J Occupational Health Nursing, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 47-54, 1998.
  19. Kim, C.W., "The Relationship between Teacher's Participation in Leisure Activity and Job Satisfaction, Self-Actualization, JKSSPE, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 212-223, 2003.
  20. Kim, J.T., Shin, D.K., "A Study Based on the Standardization of the STAI for Korea", The New Medical Journal, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 65-75, 1978.
  21. Kim, M.H., "The Effects of The Maum Meditation Program on Depression, Stress, Anxiety and Self-Esteem in College Students", J of Human Completion, Vol. 1, pp. 92-112, 2009.
  22. Jeong, J.Y., "The Effects of MAUM Meditation on Hwa-byung Symptoms, Mental Health Condition, Self esteem and Anger.Stress Coping Methods", Unpublished master's thesis, Myungji University, Seoul, 2006.
  23. Kim, S.R., "Relationship between Leisure.Recreation Participation and Stress, Self-esteem, & Self-actualization in Undergraduates", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Mokpo National University, Mokpo, 2009.
  24. KIm, H.S., Lee, E.J., "A Study on the Relation of Laughter Index, Depression and Anxiety in Middle-aged Women', Korean J Rehabil Nurs, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp.126-133.
  25. Choi, K.S., "The Effect of Maumsuryun Meditation Training on Neurotic School Students' Anger and Anxiety", Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungsung University, Busan, 2003.
  26. You, S.Y., "The Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Symptoms of Hwa-Byung, Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Middle Aged Women", Unpublished master's thesis, Duksung Women's University, Seoul, 2010.
  27. Hwang, M.S., "The effects of Sunsuryun on the personality, anxiety, and self-actualization in University students, Educational Research. No. 17, pp. 133-160, 1998.
  28. Fadel, Z., Johnson, S..K., Johnson, B.J. Diamond, David, Z., Goolkasian, P., "Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training", Consciousness and cognition, Vol. 19, pp. 597-605, 2010.
  29. Kim, J.K., "A Gestalt Therapy approach to anxiety disorders integrating Mindfulness meditation and cognitive Behavioral Therapy", The Korean J of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 475-503, 2003.
  30. Kim, S.Y., Lee, J.I., "A Study on Aging Anxiety, Depression, and Self-esteem of Middle-aged People", T Korean J Fundamentals of Nursing, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 103-109, 2007.
  31. Choi, Y.J., "Effects of Self Esteem, Social Avoidance, and Distress in Nursing Students using Meditation Therapy", J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 133-142, 2010.
  32. Jang, S.J., Ha, Y.S., "The Effect of Meditation Programs on Stress Responses, Anxiety, and Self-Esteem in Psychiatric Patients", J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 17, No. 3, PP. 302-310, 2008.
  33. Lee, H.K., "The Effects of Imago psychotherapy on Self-actualization, Depression and Self-esteem of Nursing Students", J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 20-34, 2000.
  34. Lee, M..J., "Influence of Meditation on Stress and Self-Actualization", Published master's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, 1993.
  35. Lee, M.H., Yang,, S., Yu, S.J., "Effects of Soberizing Group Seminar on the Self-actualization among Alcoholic Inpatients, J Korean Academy of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 5-14, 1994.
  36. Yoon, Y.K., "A study on the relationship in leisure activity, self-actualization and mental health", Unpublished master's thesis, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, 1996.

Cited by

  1. Correlation and influencing factors on oral health awareness, oral health behavior, self-esteem and OHIP-14 in childcare teachers vol.15, pp.2, 2015,