- Volume 12 Issue 12
DOI QR Code
Staticposture stability evaluation of female elderly using stability evaluation device
균형능력 평가 장치를 이용한 여성노인의 정적자세안정성 평가
- Kim, Tae-Hyung (Department of Adapted Physical Activity, Korea Nazarene University) ;
- Yi, Jae-Hoon (Adapted Physical Activity Laboratory, Korea Nazarene University) ;
- Oh, Seong-Geun (Department of Health and Exercise Science, Korea National Sports University)
- Received : 2011.09.30
- Accepted : 2011.12.13
- Published : 2011.12.31
The purpose of this study is to investigate the change of balance ability on aging by measuring balance ability of elderly females whose age is over 65. The subjects are ten elderly women (the mean age: 71.9) able to walk without assistants, the assistant equipments and drug dependence and ten young healthy women (the mean age: 23.2). We measured stability index (ST), Fourier index (F), weight distribution (WD), weight distribution index (WDI), synchronization index (SI) and fall index (FI) by using Tetrax (Tetra-ataxiometric Posturography). In result, STs and Fs at the low frequency region (F1) represented the significant difference between two groups at all postures with PO (pillow with eye open) exception (p<.01). Fs at the other frequency regions (F2~F8) represented the significant difference between two groups (p<.05). WDI of the elderly women represented the higher values than the young women at all postures but there are the significant difference at PO and PC (pillow with eye closed) only. These results may be due to age-related ability decline of somatesthesia, vestibular organ, central nervous system.
Balance ability;Fall index;Vestibular organ;Central nervous system
Supported by : 나사렛대학교
- L. M. Nashner, C. L. Shupert, F. B. Horak. & F. O. Black. Organization of posture controls: an analysis of sensory and mechanical constraints. Progress in Brain Research, Vol.80, pp. 411-418, 1989. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6123(08)62237-2
- M. Wernick_Robinson, D. E. Krebs. & M. M. Giorgem. Functional Reach: Does iIt Really Measure Dynamic Balance?. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol.80, 3, pp. 262-269, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(99)90136-3
- Y. Laufer, D. Sivan, R. Schwarzmann. & E. Sprecher. Standing Balance and Functional Recovery of Patients with Right and Left Hemiparesis in the Early Stages of Rehabilitation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair, Vol.17, pp. 207-213, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1177/0888439003259169
- R. A. Geiger, J. B. Allen, J. O'Keefe. & R. R. Hicks. Balance and Mobility Following Stroke: Effects of Physical Therapy Interventions With and Without Biofeedback/ Forceplate Training. Physical Therapy, Vol.81, pp. 995-1006, 2001.
- E. S. Jang, W. H. Yang. & K. Y. Kim. The Effects of Balance Training Using Using Balance System in the Hemiplegic patients. Journal of Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.23, pp. 899-904, 1999.
- Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. The Living Profile and Welfare Service Needs of Older Persons in Korea 2004, 2005.
- Statistics Korea. 2007 Statistics of the aged. 2007.
- P. W. Overstall, A. N. Exton-Smith, F. J. Imms. & A. L. Johnson. Falls in the elderly related to postural imbalance. British Medical Journal, Vol.1. pp. 261-264, 1977. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6056.261
- Statistics Korea, 2007 Staistics of the aged.
- A. J. Campbell, M. J. Borrie. & G. F. Spears. Risk factors for falls in a community-based prospective study of people 70 years and older. Journal of Gerontology, Vol.44, pp. M112-M117, 1989. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/44.5.M112
- M. C. Nevitt, S, R, Cummings, S. Kidd. & D. Black, Risk factors for recurrent nonsyncopal falls. The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol.261, pp. 2663-2668, 1989. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1989.03420180087036
- L. A. Lipsitz, P. V. Jonsson, M. M. Kelley. & J. S. Koestner, Causes and correlates of recurrent falls in ambulatory frail elderly. Journal of Gerontology, Vol.46, pp. M114-M122, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/46.4.M114
- S. Lord, J. Ward, P. Williams. & K. Anstey, An epidemiological study of falls in order community dwelling women: the Randwick falls and fracture study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Vol.17, pp. 240-245, 1993.
- B. E. Maki, P. J. Holliday. & A. K. Topper. A prospective study of postural balance and risk of falling in an ambulatory, Journal of Gerontology, Vol.49, pp. M72-78, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/49.2.M72
- M. E. Tinetti, M. Speechley. & S. F. Ginter. Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community. The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.319, pp. 1701-1707, 1998.
- S. Mathias, U. Nayak. & B. Issacs. Balance in elderly patients:the "Get-up and Go" test. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol.67, pp. 387-389, 1986.
- M. E. Tinetti, T. F. Willians. & R. Mayewski. Fall risk index for elderly patients based on numbers of choronic disabilities. The American Journal of Medicine, Vol.80, pp. 429-434, 1986. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9343(86)90717-5
- K. Berg, S. L. Wood-Dauphinee, J. Williams. & D. Gayton. Measuring balance in the elderly: preliminary development of an instrument. Physiother Canada, Vol.41, pp. 304-308, 1989. https://doi.org/10.3138/ptc.41.6.304
- M. Speechley. & M. Tinetti, Assessment of risk and prevention of falls among elderly persons: role of the physiotherapist. Physiotherapy Canada, Vol.2, pp. 75-79, 1990.
- K,. Avluund, M. Schroll, & M. Davidsen, Maximal isometric muscle strength and functional ability in dailiy activities among 75-year old men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine Science Sports, Vol.4, 00. 32-40, 1994.
- M. H. Woollacott, A. Shumway-Cook. & L. Nashner. Aging and posture control: changes in sensory organization and muscular coordination. International Journal of Aging Human Development, Vol.23, pp. 97-114, 1986. https://doi.org/10.2190/VXN3-N3RT-54JB-X16X
- N. Teasdale, G. E. Stelmach & A. Breuning. Postural sway characteristics of the elderly under normal and altered visual and support surface conditions. Journal of Gerontology, Vol.46, pp. B238-B244, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/46.6.B238
- L. A. Pastalan, R. K. Mantz, & J. Merrill. The simulation of age-related sensory losses: a new approach to the study of environmental barriers. In: Preiser, W. F. E., ed. Environment design research, 1. Stroudsberg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, pp. 383-390, 1973.
- D. G. Pitts. The effects of aging on selected visual functions: dark adaptaion, visual acuity, stereopsis, and brightness contrast. In: Sekular, R., Kline, D., Dismukes, K., eds. Modern aging research: aging and human visual function. New York: Alan, R. & Liss, pp. 131-160, 1982.
- A. E. Patla, D. A. Winter, J. S. Frank, & S. E. Walt. Identification of age-related changes in the balance-control system. In: Duncan, P., ed. Balance: Proceedings of the APTA Forum, Alexandria, VA: APTA, pp. 43-45, 1990.
- S. Y. An, M. J. Kwon, & O. Y. Kwon, Motor Control: Theory and Practical Application(2nd). pp. 276, Young-Moon Publishing company, 2006.