Study on the Optimization of Spent Sulfidic Caustic Applied for BNR Process

Spent Sulfidic Casutic의 BNR 공정 적용을 위한 최적화 연구

  • Received : 2011.10.06
  • Accepted : 2011.11.27
  • Published : 2011.12.31


Caustic (NaOH) solution is used to remove $H_2S$ from hydrocarbon streams in petroleum refining industry, gradually being, so called, spent sulfidic caustic (SSC) which has high levels of $H_2S$ and alkalinity. Thus, SSC can be used as an electron donor and a buffering agent for autotrophic denitrification. As SSC, however, contains some non-biodegradable organics, air stripping was conducted to remove the non-biodegradable organics. As a result, over 93 % of the non-biodegradable organics was removed within 30 min of aeration. Then, $Na_2S_2O_3{\cdot}5H_2O$, methanol and organic matters, which are produced from a biodiesel production plant, were added to reform the air-stripped SSC and their products being referred to new sulfidic caustics (NSCs) I, II and III, respectively. Thereafter, to investigate the effect of these products on the removal of COD and TN, these products were injected to a biological nitrogen removal (BNR) process, resulting in additional 44 % TN removal without noticeable increase in the effluent COD level. Therefore, it can be said that the BNR process is a promising option to treat NSC as demonstrated in this study whose results can be useful for developing resource recovery technologies.


Autotrophic denitrification;Spent sulfidic caustic;Biological nitrogen removal;New sulfidic caustic;Air stripping


Supported by : 한국환경산업기술원, 한국산업단지공단


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