DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Predictors of Successful Aging in Korean Older Women Based on Successful Aging Theory (SAT)

Successful Aging Theory (SAT)에 근거한 여성노인의 성공적 노화 예측요인

  • Received : 2011.10.24
  • Accepted : 2011.12.06
  • Published : 2011.12.20

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore predictors of successful aging in older Korean women based on a recent mid-range nursing theory, the Successful Aging Theory (SAT). Methods: This study utilized a descriptive correlational design. The convenience sample was composed of 174 older women living in the community. Successful aging was measured using the Successful Aging Inventory (SAI). Transcendence was measured using the Self-transcendence Scale (STS). Adaptation was measured using the Coping behavior scale. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant predictors of successful aging. Results: Transcendence, adaptation, and religion were shown to be predictive of successful aging. This regression model explained 56% of the variance in successful aging. The factor with the highest influence was transcendence which explained 52% of the variance. Conclusion: Gerotranscendence-promoting interventions can be an important consideration in caring for older Korean women. Adaptation and spirituality should be included in a holistic aging care.

References

  1. Bak, S. S., Kim, K. S., & Choi, J. H. (2010). Quality of life of older women living alone: National basic livelihood act recipients. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 12 (3), 248-255.
  2. Baltes, P. B., & Baltes, M. M. (1990). Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Cheng, S., & Chan, A. C. (2006). Relationship with others and life satisfaction in later life: Do gender and widowhood make a difference? Journal of Gerontology: Series B: PsyCheng, S., & Chan, A. C. (2006). Relationship with others and life satisfaction in later life: Do gender and widowhood make a difference? Journal of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Science and Social Science, 61B (1), 46-54.
  4. Cheon, J. S., Byun, I. W., Song, H. R., & Oh, B. H. (2004). Factors related to the morale of korean elderly. Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry, 8 , 56-62.
  5. Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Buchner, A., & Lang, A. R. (2009). Statistical power analyses using $G^{\ast}Power$ 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 41 (4), 1149-1160. https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149
  6. Flood, M. (2002). Successful aging: A concept analysis. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 6 (2), 105-108.
  7. Flood, M. (2005). A mid-range nursing theory of successful aging. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 9 (2), 35-39.
  8. Flood, M. (2006). Exploring the relationships between creativity, depression, and successful aging. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 31 (1), 55-72.
  9. Flood, M., & Scharer, K. (2006). Creativity enhancement: Possibilities for successful aging. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 27 (9), 939-959. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840600899832
  10. Flood, M., Nies, M. A., & Seo, D. (2010). Successful aging: Selected indicators in a southern sample. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 22 (2), 111-115. https://doi.org/10.1177/1084822309343945
  11. Greenglass, E., Schwarzer, R., Jakubiec, D., Fiksenbaum, L., & Taubert, S. (1999). The Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI): A multidimensional research instrument. Retrieved August 2, 2011, from http://www.psych.yorku.ca/greenglass/pci.php
  12. Korean Woman's Development Institute. (2011). 161th Korean woman's trend. Retrieved October 11, 2011, from http://www.kwdi.re.kr/noticeView.kw?sgrp=S01&siteCmsCd=CM0001&topCmsCd=CM0003&cmsCd=CM0025&pnum=4&cnum=1&ntNo=1767
  13. Lee, I. J. (2007). Difference between older women and older men of factors for depression and life satisfaction. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 36 , 159-179.
  14. McCarthy, V. L. (2009). Exploring a new theory of successful aging among low-income older adults in an independent and assisted living community. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
  15. Park, J. (2007). A study on the effects of older adults' coping strategies on depression: Focused on senior centers located in Pusan, Korea. Unpublished master's thesis, Dong-Eui University, Busan.
  16. Park, Y. M. (2011). A comparative study on the perception of successful aging and life satisfaction between elderly men and women. Unpublished Master's thesis, Inje University, Gimhae.
  17. Pfeiffer, E. (1975). Short portable mental status questionnaire for the assessment of organic brain deficit in elderly patients. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 23 , 433-441. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.1975.tb00927.x
  18. Reed, P. G. (1989). Self-transcendence in aging scale: Mental health of older adults. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 11 (2), 161-163.
  19. Reed, P. G. (2003). Middle range theory for nursing. In M. E. Smith and P. R. Liehr(Ed.), The theory of self-transcendence. (pp. 145-165). New York: Springer.
  20. Rossen, E. K., Knafl, K. A., & Flood, M. (2008). Older women's perceptions of successful aging. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 32 (2), 73-88. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924780802142644
  21. Rowe, J. W., & Kahn, R. L. (1987). Human aging: Usual and successful. Science, 237 (4811), 143-149. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.3299702
  22. Rowe, J. W., & Kahn, R. L. (1997). Successful aging. The Gerontologist, 37 (4), 433-440. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/37.4.433
  23. Roy, C. (1997). Future of the Roy model: Challenge to redefine adaptation. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10 (1), 42-48. https://doi.org/10.1177/089431849701000113
  24. Shin, Y., & Lee, H. (2009). Factors associated with successful aging of Korean older people living in a city. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, 29 (4), 1327-1340.
  25. Smit, B., Burton, I., Klein, R. J. T., & Street, R. (1999). The science of adaptation: A framework for assessment. Mitigation & Adaption Strategies for Global Change, 4 (3), 199-213. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009652531101
  26. Statistics Korea. (2010). 2010 statistics for older adults. Retrieved September 28, 2011, from http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/2/1/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=180000
  27. Sung, K. (2011). Relation of successful aging and wisdom in korean older adults. Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing, 13 (1), 48-57.
  28. Tornstam, L. (1997). Gerotranscendence: The contemplative dimension of aging. Journal of Aging Studies, 11 (2), 143-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0890-4065(97)90018-9
  29. U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). 2010 census data-2010 census. Retrieved September 28, 2011, from http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/index.php
  30. Youn, H., & Kim, M. (1994). The stress, coping behavior, and well-being of older adults. Journal of the Korea Gerontological Society, 14 (1), 17-32.