A Study on the Impact of Users' Place Attachment on the Value of Public Libraries

공공도서관에 대한 이용자의 장소애착이 장소가치인식에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 이정호 (서울시정개발연구원 도시정보센터)
  • Received : 2011.10.17
  • Accepted : 2011.11.27
  • Published : 2011.11.30


The purpose of this study is to verify effects between the place attachment and the place value in public libraries; and also to identify whether frequency and purpose of usage, length of residence, and website use play a moderating role in the influential relationship between users' place attachment and the perception of place value for public libraries. Users' place dependence affected the library's value positively(+) due to moderating effect of usage frequency of the library and the users' length of residence. In order to estimate the moderating effect by purpose of use, the groups were divided by purpose of library use and the relationship between place attachment and place value by groups were analyzed. However, website usage bore no effect on users' place attachment or perception of place value to their local library. This study showed that place attachment as an affective indicator on users is very useful variable to explain the value of libraries as a social and cultural place.


Public Library;Sense of Place;Place Attachment;Place Value;Library as Place


  1. 강신겸, 최승담. 2002. 관광지 지역주민의 지역사회 애착도 측정 척도 개발. 관광학연구, 26(1): 103-117.(Kang, Shin-Kyum, & Choi, Seung-Dam. 2002. "The measurement of residents' community attachment in tourist destination." International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 26(1): 103-117.)
  2. 강홍빈. 1998. 근대화의 도시풍경: 신주작대로 기행. 서울: 박영사.(Kang, Hong-Bin. 1998. Urban Landscape in Modernization Period. Seoul: Pakyoungsa.)
  3. 권은경. 1997. 도서관의 본질과 미래도서관상에 관한 고찰. 한국도서관.정보학회 하계 학술발표회, 1-21.(Kwon, Eun-Kyung. 1997. "The measurement of residents' community attachment in tourist destination." In Proceedings of the 1st Korea Library and Information Science Society Conference, 1-21.)
  4. 김동근. 2008. 주거지역의 장소애착 형성에 관한 연구. 박사학위논문, 서울대학교 대학원, 지구환경시스템공학부.(Kim, Dong-Keun. 2008. A Study on the Place Attachment of Residential Environment. Ph.D. diss., Seoul National University.)
  5. 김지예. 2008. 문학작품에 나타난 장소감의 변화. 석사학위논문, 공주대학교 대학원, 지리교육전공.(Kim, Ji-Ye. 2008. A Change of Sense of Place in Literature. M.A. thesis, Department of Geography Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University.)
  6. 박청인. 2000. 국립공원 취락지구 주민의 귀속감이 공원관리에 미치는 영향의 탐색적 연구. 국토계획, 35(1): 129-139.(Park, Chung-In. 2000. "An exploratory study on national park residential community: Attachment, satisfaction, and attitude to toward park management." Journal of Korea Planners Association, 35(1): 129-138.)
  7. 양재한. 2000. 공공도서관의 성립과 사회적 역할. 서울: 태일사.(Yang, Jae-Han. 2000. A Social Role of Public Libraries. Seoul: Tail-Sa.)
  8. 윤유식, 곽용섭. 2005. 지역주민의 장소애착심에 따른 관광지 평가에 관한 연구. 호텔리조트카지노연구, 4(2): 511-525.(Yoon, Yoo-Shik, & Kwock, Young-Sub. 2005. "Residents' place attachment in evaluating tourism destination." Hotel, Casino Research Journal, 4(2): 511-525.)
  9. 이은숙. 2005. 장소에 대한 애착의 개념구조. 사회과학연구, 20: 1-16.(Lee, Eun-Sook. 2005. "Conceptual structure of place attachment." Social Science Review, 20: 1-16.)
  10. 이정호. 2010. 공공도서관의 장소성 형성구조에 관한 연구. 박사학위논문, 성균관대학교 대학원, 문헌정보학과.(Lee, Jeong-Ho. 2010. A Study on the Formation of Placeness in Public Libraries. Ph.D. diss., Department of Library and Information Science, Sungkyunkwan University.)
  11. 이주호. 2009. 장소이미지, 체험가치, 그리고 재방문의도 관계 연구. 박사학위논문, 강원대학교.(Lee, Ju-Ho. 2009. Study on the Relationship of Place Image, Experiential Value, and Intention to (Re)Visit. Ph.D. diss., Kangwon University.)
  12. 차미경. 2006. 유비쿼터스 시대 도서관 공간에 관한 연구. 한국비블리아학회지, 17(1): 325-343.(Cha, Mi-Kyeong. 2006. "A study on the library space in the emerging ubiquitous environment." Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for Library and Information Science, 17(1): 325-343.)
  13. 최막중, 김미옥. 2001. 장소성의 형성요인과 경제적 가치에 관한 실증분석: 대학로와 로데오 거리 사례를 중심으로. 국토계획, 36(2): 153-162.(Choi, Mack-Joong, & Kim, Mi-Ok. 2001. "Empirical analysis of components and economic values of the 'Placeness': The cases of Daehak and Rodeo Streets in Seoul." Journal of Korea Planners Association, 36(2): 153-162.)
  14. 최열, 임하경. 2005. 장소애착 인지 및 결정요인 분석. 국토계획, 40(2): 53-64.(Choi, Yeol, & Yim, Ha-Kyoung. 2005. "The perception and the determinants of place attachment." Journal of Korea Planners Association, 40(2): 53-64.)
  15. Altman, I., & Low, S. M., ed. 1992. "Place Attachment." Human Behavior, and Environment: Advances in Theory and Research, vol.12. New-York: Plenum Press.
  16. Antell, K., & Engel, D. 2006. "Conduciveness to scholarship: The essence of academic library as place." College & Research Libraries, 67(6): 536-560.
  17. Audunson, R. 2004. "The public library as a meeting-place in a multicultural and digital context." Journal of Documentation, 61(3): 429-441.
  18. Bricker, K. S., & Kerstetter, D. L. 2000. "Level of specialization and place attachment: An exploratory study of whitewater recreationists." Leisure Sciences, 22(4): 233-257.
  19. Brown, B., Perkins, D. D., & Brown, G. 2003. "Place attachment in a revitalizing neighborhood: Individual and block levels of analysis." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(3): 259-271.
  20. Entrikin, J. N. 1991. The Betweenness of Place: Towards a Geography of Modernity. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  21. Feldman, R. M. 1990. "Settlement-identity: psychological bonds with home places in a mobile society." Environment and Behavior, 22(2): 183-229.
  22. Given, L. M., & Leckie, G. J. 2003. "'Sweeping' the library: Mapping the social activity space of the public library." Library and Information Science Research, 25(4): 365-385.
  23. Gorman, M. 2006. "President's message: Get smart." American Libraries, 37. [online]. [cited 2011.8.14]. .
  24. Gregory, Brown, & Raymond, Christopher. 2007. "The relationship between place attachment and landscape values: Toward mapping place attachment." Applied Geography, 27(2): 89-111.
  25. Hammitt, W. E., Kyle, G. T., & Oh, C. O. 2009. "Comparison of place bonding models in recreation resource management." Journal of Leisure Research, 41(1): 57-72.
  26. Hummon, D. M. 1992. "Community attachment: Local sentiment and sense of place." Place Attachment, 12: 253-278.
  27. Kasarda, J. D., & Janowitz, M. 1974. "Community attachment in mass society." American Sociological Review, 39: 328-339.
  28. Kyle, G. T., Mowen, A. J., & Tarrant, M. 2004. "Linking place preferences with place meaning: An examination of the relationship between place motivation and place attachment." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(4): 439-454.
  29. Lewicka, M. 2005. "Ways to make people active: The role of place attachment, cultural capital, and neighborhood ties." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25(4): 381-395.
  30. Mathwick, C., Malhotra, N., & Rigdon, E. 2001. "Experiential value: Conceptualization, measurement and application in the catalog and internet shopping environment." Journal of Retailing, 77(1): 39-56.
  31. Moore, R. L., & Graefe, A. R. 1994. "Attachments to recreation settings: The case of railtrail users." Leisure Sciences, 16(1): 17-31.
  32. Most, L. R. 2009. The Rural Public Library as Place in North Florida: A Case Study. Ph.D. diss., The Florida State University, School of Library & Information Studies.
  33. Myall, C. 1999. "The library as place." ALKI, 15(3): 4.
  34. Proshansky, H. M. 1978. "The city and self-identity." Environment and Behavior, 10(2): 147-169.
  35. Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K., & Kaminoff, R. 1983. "Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self." Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3: 57-83.
  36. Relph, E. 1976. Place and Placelessness. London: Pion London.
  37. Schreyer, R., et al. 1981. "Environmental meaning as a determinant of spatial behaviour in recreation." In Proceedings of the Applied Geography Conferences, 294-300.
  38. Shill, H. B., & Tonner, S. 2003. "Creating a better place: Physical improvements in academic libraries, 1995-2002." College & Research Libraries, 64(6): 431-466.
  39. Stokols, D., & Shumaker, S. A. 1981. "People in places: A transactional view of settings." Cognition, Social Behavior, and the Environment. Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate.
  40. Stokowski, P. A., & Lee, R. G. 1991. "The Influence of social network ties on recreation and leisure: An exploratory study." Journal of Leisure Research, 23(2): 95-113.
  41. Tuan, Y. F. 1980. "Rootedness versus sense of place." Landscape, 24(1): 3-8.
  42. Williams, D. R., Patterson, M. E., Roggenbuck, J. W., & Watson, A. E. 1992. "Beyond the commodity metaphor: Examining emotional and symbolic attachment to place." Leisure Sciences, 14(1): 29-46.
  43. Williams, D. R., & Roggenbuck, J. W. 1989. "Measuring place attachment: Some preliminary results." In Symposium on Outdoor Recreation Planning and Management, National Recreation and Park Association Research Symposium on Leisure Research. [San Antonio, USA].
  44. Williams, D. R., Anderson, B. S., McDonald, C. D., & Patterson, M. E. 1995. "Measuring place attachment: More preliminary results." In Symposium on Outdoor Recreation Planning and Management, National Recreation and Park Association Leisure Research Symposium, October, 1995. [San Antonio, TX].
  45. Yuan, Y. H., & Wu, Chihkang. 2008. "Relationships among experiential marketing, experiential value, and customer satisfaction." Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 32(3): 387-410.