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A Study of Disposition of Archaeological Remains in Wolseong Fortress of Gyeongju : Using Ground Penetration Radar(GPR)

GPR탐사를 통해 본 경주 월성의 유적 분포 현황 연구

  • Oh, Hyun Dok (National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Shin, Jong Woo (National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • 오현덕 (국립문화재연구소 고고연구실) ;
  • 신종우 (국립문화재연구소 고고연구실)
  • Received : 2010.07.14
  • Accepted : 2010.09.02
  • Published : 2010.09.30

Abstract

Previous studies on Wolseong fortress have focused on capital system of Silla Dynasty and on the recreation of Wolseong fortress due to the excavations in and around Wolseong moat. Since the report on the Geographical Survey of Wolseong fortress was published and GPR survey in Wolseong fortress was executed as a trial test in 2004, the academic interest in the site has now expanded to the inside of the fortress. From such context, the preliminary research on the fortress including geophysical survey had been commenced. GPR survey had been conducted for a year from March, 2007. The principal purpose of the recent 3D GPR survey was to provide visualization of subsurface images of the entire Wolseong fortress area. In order to obtain 3D GPR data, dense profile lines were laid in grid-form. The total area surveyed was $112,535m^2$. Depth slice was applied to analyse each level to examine how the layers of the remains had changed and overlapped over time. In addition, slice overlay analysis methodology was used to gather reflects of each depth on a single map. Isolated surface visualization, which is one of 3D analysis methods, was also employed to gain more in-depth understanding and more accurate interpretations of the remain The GPR survey has confirmed that there are building sites whose archaeological features can be classified into 14 different groups. Three interesting areas with huge public building arrangement have been found in Zone 2 in the far west, Zone 9 in the middle, and Zone 14 in the far east. It is recognized that such areas must had been used for important public functions. This research has displayed that 3D GPR survey can be effective for a vast area of archaeological remains and that slice overlay images can provide clearer image with high contrast for objects and remains buried the site.