A Study on Historical Research of Archetype of Kyeong Ju Castle

경주읍성 성곽시설의 원형고증에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Hong Gon (Dept. of Landscape Architecture, University of Seoul) ;
  • Kim, Young Mo (Dept. of Traditional Landscape Architecture, The Korean National University of Cultural Heritage)
  • 김홍곤 (서울시립대학교 조경학과) ;
  • 김영모 (한국전통문화학교 전통조경학과)
  • Received : 2010.03.15
  • Accepted : 2010.05.17
  • Published : 2010.06.30


The purpose of this study is to examine the archetype of the Gyeongju Castle walls and the facilities around it to bring together previous studies and identify the specific scale and structure of the archetype. The findings can be summarized as follows. First, we verified the exact location and dimensions of the castle through an over-lay of land registration maps from the Japanese colonial period, land registration maps from the present day, cadastral maps, and excavation records. Second, the dimension of the rampart and fort of the castle were discovered by combining and analyzing historical evidence, modern research data, historical site studies from the Japanese colonial era, and maintenance records. Third, the historical records related to the yeojang (rampart sub-wall) formats in the Joseon Dynasty were used to examine the archetype of the yeojang. This study led to the discovery of the archetype of the Gyeongju castle yeojang in the early stage of King Munjong's reign (1451), and the archetype created after the Japanese Invasion (16th century). And finally, although most of the rampart is not present, the structure of the castle can be estimated based on historical research, and research materials modern and contemporary(excavation conservation field survey). In addition, this study presented a archetype restoration plan for each site, to be used as foundational data for future restoration projects.