A case study of reinforced concrete short column under earthquake using experimental and theoretical investigations

  • Chen, Chen-Yuan (Department of Computer Science, National Pingtung University of Education) ;
  • Liu, Kuo-Chiang (Department of Architectural Engineering, Yung-Ta Institute of Technology & Commerce) ;
  • Liu, Yuh-Wehn (Department of Industrial Safety and Hygiene, Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science) ;
  • Huang, Wehn-Jiunn (Department of Architecture, National Cheng-Kung University)
  • Received : 2010.01.19
  • Accepted : 2010.06.16
  • Published : 2010.09.30


The purpose of this paper is to carry out both experimental and theoretical investigations of R.C. short column subjected to horizontal forces under constant compressive loading. Eight specimens with section of 40 cm ${\times}$ 40 cm, height 40 cm and 50 cm and different type hoop were used of the steel cage to detect the seismic behavior of reinforced concrete short columns. Hoop spacing of column, strength of concrete, and the axial load of experiments were the three main parameters in this test. A series of equations were derived to reveal the theory could be used on analysis short column, too. Through test failure model of R.C short column being established, the type of hoop affects the behavior R.C short column in ductility rather than in strength. And the effect of analysis by Truss Model is evident and reliable in shear failure model of short column.


  1. Chang, K.J. and Taboada, A. (2009), "Discrete elements simulation of the Jiufengershan rock-and-soil avalanche triggered by the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan", J. Geophys. Res., 114, F03003, doi:10.1029/2008JF001075.
  2. Kent, D.C. and Park, R. (1971), "Flexural members with confined concrete", J. Struct. Div.-ASCE, 97(7), 1969-1990
  3. Kenji, K., Yoshimura, K., Ono, S. and Yanagisawa, N. (1992), "A proposal of new R/C short column as an aseismic element with high strength and energy absorption capacity", Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Balkema, Rotterdam.
  4. Kazemi, M.T. and Morshed, R. (2005), "Seismic shear strengthening of R/C columns with ferrocement jacket", Cement Concrete Comp., 27(7-8), 834-842.
  5. Koike, T., Maruyama, O. and Garciano, L.E. (2007), "Ground strain estimation for lifeline earthquake engineering", Struct. Eng. Mech., 25(3), 291-310.
  6. Kung, G.T.C., Lee, D.H. and Tsai, P.H. (2009), "Performance of DMT-based liquefaction evaluation methods on case histories of chi-chi earthquake", J. Mar. Sci. Technol., 17(4), 283-292.
  7. Lei, Y.H. and Chien, Y.L. (2009), "Seismic analysis of transmission towers under various line configurations", Struct. Eng. Mech., 31(3), 241-264.
  8. Masataka, S., Nakazawa, A., Mihara, J., Masuo, K. and Minami, K. (1992), "Develpoment of a specially designed high-strength transverse reinforcement for square concrete columns", Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Balkema, Rotterdam.
  9. Mo, Y.L. and Rothert, H. (1997), "Effect of softening models on behavior or reinforced concrete framed shearwalls", ACI Struct. J., 94(6), 730-744.
  10. Morshed, R. and Kazemi, M.T. (2005), "Seismic shear strengthening of R/C beams and columns with expanded steel meshed", Struct. Eng. Mech., 21(3), 333-350.
  11. Tegos, I.A. and Penelis, G.G. (1988), "Seismic resistance of short columns and coupling beam reinforced with inclined bars", ACI Struct. J., 85(1), 82-88.
  12. Sakai, K. and Shamim, S.A. (1989), "What do we know about confinement in reinforced concrete columns?", ACI Struct. J., 86(2), 192-205.
  13. Sheikh, S.A. and Shafik, S.S. (1997), "A performance-based approach for the design of confining steel in tied columns", ACI Struct. J., 94(4), 421-431.

Cited by

  1. RETRACTED: Influence and dynamics of a mobile robot control on mechanical components vol.19, pp.13, 2013,
  2. Lego NXT information on test dimensionality using Kolb’s innovative learning cycle vol.64, pp.2, 2012,
  3. RETRACTED: Nonlinear vibration of structural deterioration in reinforced concrete columns: experimental and theoretical investigation vol.19, pp.3, 2013,
  4. RETRACTED: Dynamics and control for robotic manipulators using a greedy algorithm approach vol.18, pp.6, 2012,
  5. RETRACTED: A novel NXT control method for implementing force sensing and recycling in a training robot vol.19, pp.10, 2013,
  6. RETRACTED: The design of information and communication technologies: telecom MOD strength machines vol.19, pp.10, 2013,
  7. RETRACTED: Fuzzy neural modeling for n-degree ecosystems using the linear matrix inequality approach vol.20, pp.1, 2014,
  8. RETRACTED: A review of intelligent algorithm approaches and neural-fuzzy stability criteria for time-delay tension leg platform systems vol.20, pp.4, 2014,
  9. RETRACTED: Path planning for autonomous robots – a comprehensive analysis by a greedy algorithm vol.19, pp.1, 2013,
  10. Storm surge prediction with management information systems: A case study of estimating value and observations system vol.66, pp.2, 2013,
  11. Experimental behavior and shear bearing capacity calculation of RC columns with a vertical splitting failure vol.9, pp.6, 2015,
  12. RETRACTED: Applications for medical recovery using wireless control of a bluetooth ball with a hybrid G-sensor and human-computer interface technology vol.19, pp.8, 2013,
  13. RETRACTED: Structural system identification for vibration bridges using the Hilbert–Huang transform vol.18, pp.13, 2012,
  14. RETRACTED: Stability conditions for ecosystem modeling using the fuzzy Lyapunov method vol.20, pp.2, 2014,
  15. RETRACTED: Modified intelligent genetic algorithm-based adaptive neural network control for uncertain structural systems vol.19, pp.9, 2013,
  16. RETRACTED: Applications of neural-network-based fuzzy logic control to a nonlinear time-delay chaotic system vol.20, pp.4, 2014,
  17. RETRACTED: Applications of fuzzy control to nonlinear time-delay systems using the linear matrix inequality fuzzy Lyapunov method vol.18, pp.10, 2012,
  18. RETRACTED: Applications of the fuzzy Lyapunov linear matrix inequality criterion to a chaotic structural system vol.18, pp.13, 2012,
  19. RETRACTED: A critical review of structural system control by the large-scaled neural network linear-deferential-inclusion-based criterion vol.19, pp.11, 2013,
  20. RETRACTED: Delay independent criterion for multiple time-delay systems and its application in building structure control systems vol.19, pp.3, 2013,
  21. RETRACTED: Neural network-based fuzzy logic parallel distributed compensation controller for structural system vol.19, pp.11, 2013,
  22. RETRACTED: Neural-network fuzzy control for chaotic tuned mass damper systems with time delays vol.18, pp.6, 2012,
  23. How to manipulate interactive E-book on learning natural catastrophe—An example of structural mechanics using power machine vol.65, pp.3, 2013,
  24. RETRACTED: Applications of the fuzzy-neural Lyapunov criterion to multiple time-delay systems vol.19, pp.13, 2013,
  25. RETRACTED: Internal wave transport, nonlinear manifestation, and mixing in a stratified shear layer - technical briefs vol.19, pp.3, 2013,
  26. RETRACTED: Applications of linear differential inclusion-based criterion to a nonlinear chaotic system: a critical review vol.18, pp.12, 2012,
  27. RETRACTED: On dynamic access control in web 2.0 and cloud interactive information hub: trends and theories vol.20, pp.4, 2014,
  28. RETRACTED: Design, modeling and stability control for an actuated dynamic walking planar bipedal robot vol.19, pp.3, 2013,