Control of a building complex with Magneto-Rheological Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper

  • Amini, F. (Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology University) ;
  • Doroudi, R. (Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology University)
  • Received : 2009.11.09
  • Accepted : 2010.06.04
  • Published : 2010.09.30


Coupled building control is a viable method to protect tall buildings from seismic excitation. In this study, the semi-active control of a building complex is investigated for mitigating seismic responses. The building complex is formed of one main building and one podium structure connected through Magneto-Rheological (MR) Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper. The conventional semi-active control techniques require a primary controller as a reference to determine the desired control force, and modulate the input voltage of the MR damper by comparing the desired control force. The fuzzy logic directly determines the input voltage of an MR damper from the response of the MR damper. The control performance of the proposed fuzzy control technique for the MR damper is evaluated for the control problem of a seismically-excited building complex. In this paper, a building complex that include a 14-story main building and an 8-story podium structure is applied as a numerical example to demonstrate the effectiveness of semi-active control with Magneto-Rheological dampers and its comparison with the passive control with the Tuned Mass Damper and two uncoupled buildings and hybrid semi-active control including the Tuned Mass Damper and Magneto-Rheological dampers while they are subject to the earthquake excitation. The numerical results show that semi-active control and hybrid semi-active control can significantly mitigate the seismic responses of both buildings, such as displacement and shear force responses, and fuzzy control technique can effectively mitigate the seismic response of the building complex.


  1. Aldawod, M., Samali, B., Naghdy, F. and Kwok, K.C.S. (2001), "Active control of along wind response of tall building using a fuzzy controller", J. Eng. Struct., 23, 1512-1522.
  2. Amini, F. and Tahernia, I. (2004), "Semi active control of seismic response of tall building with podium structure using semi active dampers by pole assignment method", Proceedings of Third European Conference on Structural Control, Vienna Austria, July.
  3. Asami, T. and Nishihara, O. (2003), "Closed-form exact solution to H-infinity optimization of dynamic vibration absorbers (Application to different transfer functions and damping systems)", J. Vib. Acoust-Trans. ASME, 125(3), 398-405.
  4. Christenson, R.E., Spencer, B.F., JR, Johnson, E.A. and Seto, K. (2006), "Coupled building control considering the effects of building/connector configuration", J. Struct. Eng., 132, 853-863.
  5. Dyke, S.J., Yi, F. and Carlson, J.D. (1999), "Application of magneto-rheological dampers to seismically excited structures", Proceedings of International Modal Analysis Conference.
  6. Frahm, H. (1909), Device for Damped Vibrations of Bodies, U. S. Patent No. 989958.
  7. Graham, M.C. (1994), "Design strategies for coupling buildings", Master's Thesis at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  8. Jansen, L.M. and Dyke, S.J. (2000), "Semi active control strategies for MR dampers Comparative study", J. Eng. Mech., 126(8), 795-803.
  9. Luco, J.E. and Barros, F.C.P.D. (1998), "Optimal damping between two adjacent elastic structures", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 27, 649-659.<649::AID-EQE748>3.0.CO;2-5
  10. Klein, R.E., Cusano, C. and Stukel, J. (1972), "Investigation of a method to stabilize wind induced oscillations in large structures", Presented at 1972 ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Paper No. 72-WA/AUT-H, New York.
  11. Klein, R.E. and Healy, M.D. (1987), "Semi-active control of wind induced oscillations in structures", Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Structural Control, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, July.
  12. Kunieda, M. (1976), "Earthquake prevent design and earthquake proof design for structures", J. JSME, 79(689), 86-91.
  13. Ng, C.L. and Xu, Y.L. (2004), "Seismic vibration control of medium-rise building and podium structure linked in parallel by passive friction dampers", Proceedings of 10th Anniversary Symposium on Performance of Response Controlled Buildings.
  14. Ng, C.L. and Xu, Y.L. (2007), "Semi-active control of a building complex with variable friction dampers", Int. J. Eng. Struct., 29, 1209-1225.
  15. Ok, S.Y., Kim, D.S., Park, K.S. and Koh, H.M. (2007), "Semi-active fuzzy control of cable-stayed bridges using magneto-rheological dampers", J. Eng. Struct., 29, 776-788.
  16. Ormondroyd, J. and Den Hartog, J.P. (1928), "The theory of the dynamic vibration absorber", Proceedings of the ASME, APM-50-7.
  17. Ramallo, J.C., Johnson, E.A. and Spencer, Jr., B.F. (2002), "SMART base isolation systems", J. Eng. Mech.-ASCE, 128(10), 1088-1099.
  18. Rana, R. and Soong, T.T. (1998), "Parametric study and simplified design of tuned mass dampers", J. Eng. Struct., 20, 193-204.
  19. Stanway, R., Spronston, J.L. and Stevens, N.G. (1985), "Non-linear identification of an electro-rheological vibration damper", IFAC Identification and System Parameter Estimation, 195-200.
  20. Seto, K. and Watanabe, T. (2000), "Vibration control of multiple buildings connected with active controlled bridges for improving reliability under the large seismic excitation", Proceedings of 8th ASCE Specialty Conference on Probabilistic Mechanics and Structural Reliability, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA.
  21. Spencer, Jr., B.F., Dyke, S.J., Sain, M.K. and Carlson, J.D. (1997), "Phenomenological model of magneto rheological damper", J. Eng. Mech.-ASCE, 123(3), 230-238.
  22. Tasi, K.C. and Lin, G.C. (1993), "Optimum tuned-mass damper for minimizing steady-state response of supportexcited and damped system", J. Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 22, 957-973.
  23. Warburton, G.B. and Ayorinde, E.O. (1980), "Optimum absorber parameters for simple systems", Int. J. Earthq. Eng. Struct.. D., 8, 197-217.
  24. Wen, Y.K. (1976), "Method of random vibration of hysteretic systems", J. Eng. Mech. Div.-ASCE, 102(2), 249-263.
  25. Yamada, Y., Ikawa, N., Yokoyama, H. and Tachibana, E. (1994), "Active control of structures using the joining member with negative stiffness", Proceedings of First World Conference on Structural Control, Pasadena, CA, 2, TP2-41-49, August.
  26. Yi, F., Dyke, S.J., Caicedo, J.M. and Carlson, J.D. (2001), "Experimental verification of multi input seismic control strategies for smart dampers", J. Eng. Mech.-ASCE, 127(11), 1152-1164.
  27. Yoshida, O. and Dyke, S.J. (2004), "Seismic control of a nonlinear benchmark building using smart dampers", Int. J. Eng. Mech., 130(4), 386-392.
  28. Zade, A.L. (1965), "Fuzzy Sets", J. Inform. Control, 8, 338-353.
  29. Zhu, H., Wen, Y. and Iemura, H.A. (2001), "Study on interaction control for seismic response of parallel structures", J. Comput. Struct., 79, 231-242.

Cited by

  1. Cooperative Optimization of Vehicle Ride Comfort and Handling Stability by Integrated Control Strategy vol.5, pp.1, 2012,
  2. Optimum tuned mass damper design for preventing brittle fracture of RC buildings vol.12, pp.2, 2013,
  3. Semi-active control of seismic response of a building using MR fluid-based tuned mass damper vol.16, pp.5, 2015,
  4. Performance evaluation of phase-controlled semiactive resettable TMD (PCRTMD) with the stiffness retuning ability under strong seismic motions vol.27, pp.16, 2018,