Earthquake Monitoring : Future Strategy

지진관측 : 미래 발전 전략

  • 지헌철 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 박정호 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 김근영 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 신진수 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 신인철 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 임인섭 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 정병선 (한국지질자원연구원 지진연구센터) ;
  • 신동훈 (전남대학교 자연과학대학)
  • Received : 2010.08.08
  • Accepted : 2010.08.20
  • Published : 2010.08.31

Abstract

Earthquake Hazard Mitigation Law was activated into force on March 2009. By the law, the obligation to monitor the effect of earthquake on the facilities was extended to many organizations such as gas company and local governments. Based on the estimation of National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the number of free-surface acceleration stations would be expanded to more than 400. The advent of internet protocol and the more simplified operation have allowed the quick and easy installation of seismic stations. In addition, the dynamic range of seismic instruments has been continuously improved enough to evaluate damage intensity and to alert alarm directly for earthquake hazard mitigation. For direct visualization of damage intensity and area, Real Time Intensity COlor Mapping (RTICOM) is explained in detail. RTICOM would be used to retrieve the essential information for damage evaluation, Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA). Destructive earthquake damage is usually due to surface waves which just follow S wave. The peak amplitude of surface wave would be pre-estimated from the amplitude and frequency content of first arrival P wave. Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) system is conventionally defined to estimate local magnitude from P wave. The status of EEW is reviewed and the application of EEW to Odesan earthquake is exampled with ShakeMap in order to make clear its appearance. In the sense of rapidity, the earthquake announcement of Korea Meteorological Agency (KMA) might be dramatically improved by the adaption of EEW. In order to realize hazard mitigation, EEW should be applied to the local crucial facilities such as nuclear power plants and fragile semi-conduct plant. The distributed EEW is introduced with the application example of Uljin earthquake. Not only Nation-wide but also locally distributed EEW applications, all relevant information is needed to be shared in real time. The plan of extension of Korea Integrated Seismic System (KISS) is briefly explained in order to future cooperation of data sharing and utilization.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 실시간 지진관측 및 대도시 지진위험도 예측 기술 개발

Supported by : 한국지질자원연구원

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