The Effects of Cooperative Learning by Students' Performance Goal Orientation in Elementary Science Classes

초등학교 과학 수업에서 학생들의 수행 목표 지향성 수준에 따른 협동 학습의 효과

  • Received : 2010.02.17
  • Accepted : 2010.07.19
  • Published : 2010.08.31

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effects of cooperative learning by the levels of students' performance goal orientation in science classes on 6th graders' science achievement and science learning motivation. Two classes (47 students) from an elementary school were respectively assigned to a control group and a treatment group. A performance goal orientation test and a science learning motivation test were administered as pretests. The intervention of cooperative learning lasted for 24 class periods. A researcher-made achievement test and the science learning motivation test were administered after the instructions. ANCOVA results indicated that the score of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group in the achievement test. However, no interaction was found between the cooperative learning treatment and the levels of students' performance goal orientation. There were significant aptitude-treatment interactions in science learning motivation.