The Multidimensional Structure of Gottfredson and Hirschi's Concept of Self-Control: An Empirical Analysis of the Grasmick et al.'s Operationalization.

  • Lee, Gang (Department of Sociology & Anthropology, University of Texas at El Paso) ;
  • Hollinger, Richard C. (Department of Sociology, University of Florida)
  • Received : 2010.04.12
  • Accepted : 2010.06.28
  • Published : 2010.07.30


The purpose of this study is to determine the unidimensionality of Grasmick's operationalization of Gottfredson and Hirschi's criminality inducing the concept of low self-control. By applying confirmatory factor analysis procedures that incorporate advances in the application, the proposed six factor model and two alternative models were examined suggesting that Grasmick's low self-control scale actually contains 6 distinguishable factors, not a single factor. The factors identified to be consistent with the six-factor model were impulsivity, simple tasks, risk seeking, physical activities, self-centered, and temper.