Monitoring of Neonicotinoid Pesticide Residues in Fruit Vegetable and Human Exposure Assessment

과채류 중 Neonicotinoid계 농약의 모니터링 및 인체노출평가

  • Park, Byung-Jun (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Son, Kyung-Ae (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Paik, Min-Kyoung (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Bae (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kwon, Hye-Young (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Su-Myeong (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Im, Geon-Jae (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Moo-Ki (Chemical Safety Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 박병준 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 손경애 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 백민경 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 김진배 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 권혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 홍수명 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 임건재 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과) ;
  • 홍무기 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 유해화학과)
  • Received : 2010.05.17
  • Accepted : 2010.06.03
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

We investigated five neonicotinoid pesticide residues (acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam) in fruit vegetables and estimated the exposure of neonicotinoid pesticide residue through fruit vegetable consumption using a deterministic approach. Two hundred forty samples of eight fruit vegetables cultivated in Korea were analyzed for their pesticide residue contents. Acetamiprid had the highest detection frequency and the highest residue level in pepper. However, all pesticide levels detected didn't exceed national MRLs. The results using a deterministic approach showed that for chronic and acute study of all neonicotinoid pesticide residues, the exposure was about 50 times lower than toxicological endpoint values. It is necessary to understand that the exposure assessment in this study using a probabilistic approach should be regarded as a important knowledge in the decision-making process.

Keywords

neonicotinoid pesticide;fruit vegetables;exposure assessment;deterministic approach

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