The Effects of Music Therapy on Pain, Depression and Anxiety in Terminal Cancer Patients

음악요법이 말기 암환자의 통증, 우울 및 불안에 미치는 효과

  • Hong, Mi-Soon (College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Chonnam Research Instutude of Nursing Science) ;
  • Cho, Mi-Ja (Kwangju Christian Hospital)
  • 홍미순 (전남대학교 간호대학.전남대학교 간호과학연구소) ;
  • 조미자 (광주기독병원)
  • Received : 2009.12.15
  • Accepted : 2010.01.26
  • Published : 2010.02.27

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music therapy on pain, depression, and anxiety in terminally ill patients. Methods: Twenty patients in the experimental group were provided with music via headphones for 30-40 min at a time as they requested for 2 weeks, whereas no music was provided for the nineteen patients in the control group. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The research instruments included Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Depression & Anxiety Inventory Scale. Data were analyzed using ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, and Fisher's exact test, using SPSS 15.0. Results: There were significant decreases in the scores of pain at present (t=-2.54, p<.05), depression (t=-2.187, p<.05) and anxiety (Z=-2.114, p<.05) in the experimental group compared to those in the control group. Conclusion: Music therapy is considered non-invasive and inexpensive intervention and can be easily applied to alleviate pain, depression and anxiety for terminally ill patients.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전남대학교

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