An Analysis of Reciprocal Borrowing Programs in the U.S.

미국의 통합대출서비스 사례 조사 및 분석

  • 정진수 (덕성여자대학교 문헌정보학과)
  • Received : 2010.05.01
  • Accepted : 2010.06.25
  • Published : 2010.06.30


As today's information environment changes rapidly with the development of information technology, users expect a variety of the library services that meet their emerging needs. This paper reports the concept of reciprocal borrowing and analyzes the cases of reciprocal borrowing programs in the US. Particularly, this paper introduces (1) three cases of state-wide library cards such as Georgia's PINES card, Maryland's MPower card, and Michigan's Michi card. (2) Public library systems in the U.S. also are introduced as a type of reciprocal borrowing. Another type of reciprocal borrowing mentioned in this paper was (3) an mutual agreement between and among libraries. The author sought the deeper understanding of reciprocal borrowing by mapping the cases described in this paper into three models of reciprocal borrowing Kwak et al.(2010) suggested. This paper concludes with a few important considerations in implementing reciprocal borrowing services in Korea.


Reciprocal Borrowing;Cooperative Borrowing;State Library Cards;PINES Card;MPower Card;Michi Card


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  2. American Library Association. 2005. States report high level of reciprocal borrowing arrangements. [cited 2010.5.16]. .
  3. District of Columbia Public Library System.(n. d.). Getting your library card. [cited 2010.5.16]. .
  4. Georgia Public Library Service. 2009. PINES: Georgia's statewide library card. [cited 2010.5.16]. .
  5. Maryland Association of Public Library Administrators. 2008. Maryland statewide library card. [2010.5.16]. .
  6. Michigan Department of Education. 2010. Michi Card. [cited 2010.5.16]. .