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Effects of Microspraying of Water and Coating by White Materials on Fruit Sunburn Occurrence for 'Fuji'/M.9 Apple Tree

미세살수와 흰색 코팅제 도포가 '후지'/M.9 사과나무 과실 일소 발생에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2010.02.04
  • Accepted : 2010.06.24
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare and analyze control methods of the sunburn occurrence that affected 'Fuji'/M.9 planting systems in Korea from 2001 to 2003. It is very important to control temperature of the surface of fruits, because sunburn may occur when the temperature of fruit surfaces reaches $40^{\circ}C{\sim}45^{\circ}C$ due to high air temperature and sunlight during growing periods. As control methods of the sunburn occurrence, white coating materials such as $CaCO_3$ or kaolin were applied four times at two-week intervals from late June, and microspraying of water was conducted when air temperature was over $31^{\circ}C$ from late July to mid-August. Both methods were effective for preventing the sunburn occurrence and improving fruit quality by decreasing peel's temperature of fruits and increasing photosynthesis.

Keywords

Malus domestica Borkh;$CaCO_3$;high temperature;microspraying of water;photosynthesis

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