The Features of Asian Dust Events Originated in Manchuria

만주에서 발원한 황사현상 (II) -2001년 이후 사례를 중심으로-

  • Kim, Sumin (Asian Dust Research Laboratory / National Institute of Meteorological Research) ;
  • Chun, Youngsin (Asian Dust Research Laboratory / National Institute of Meteorological Research) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Bum (Asian Dust Research Laboratory / National Institute of Meteorological Research)
  • 김수민 (국립기상연구소 황사연구과) ;
  • 전영신 (국립기상연구소 황사연구과) ;
  • 김승범 (국립기상연구소 황사연구과)
  • Received : 2010.05.07
  • Accepted : 2010.08.10
  • Published : 2010.09.30

Abstract

The northeast part of China(hereafter Manchuria) is one of Asian dust source regions along with Gobi, Inner Mongolia and Loess Plateau. In this study, a geographical survey over the area was carried out to determine its soil characteristics in June 2009. It revealed that some parts of the area, especially near Keerchin desert, consist of alkali clay soil mixed up with sand. Manchuria, where is a vast cornfield, can be a potential source region of Asian dust from fall to following spring after harvesting. The frequency of Asian dust over the region from 1996 to 2009 was examined using 3-hourly GTS SYNOP data and it showed that the occurrence of Asian dust over the region is high in the springtime. It was also revealed that snow cover is the key parameter affecting on the frequency through the analysis of NCEP reanalysis data. To scrutinize the path and structure of Asian dust from Manchuria, the event on 3~4 April 2008 and 25 January 2010 were intensively investigated with regard to features of synoptic weather patterns, satellite imagery, airstream, naked eye-observations, concentrations of PM10, 2.5 and 1.0. For this case, the Asian dust from the area reached to Korea less than a day. However, the duration time of the dust in Korea was short (< 7 hours). The average of hourly PM10 reached up to $340{\mu}g/m^{3}$ at Baengnyeondo during the period. The high PM2.5 and PM1.0 concentrations were also observed at several sites in Korea, indicating that air pollutants could be transported along with the dust.