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Seasonal Monitoring of Residual Veterinary Antibiotics in Agricultural Soil, Surface Water and Sediment Adjacent to a Poultry Manure Composting Facility

계분 퇴비화 시설 인근 농경지 토양, 지표수 및 저질토의 계절별 잔류 항생물질 모니터링

  • Lee, Sang-Soo (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Chul (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Kwon-Rae (National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Kwon, Oh-Kyung (National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Yang, Jae-E. (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ok, Yong-Sik (Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University)
  • 이상수 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 김성철 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 김권래 (국립농업과학원) ;
  • 권오경 (국립농업과학원) ;
  • 양재의 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 옥용식 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과)
  • Received : 2010.08.22
  • Accepted : 2010.09.17
  • Published : 2010.09.30

Abstract

Concentration of antibiotics including a tetracycline group (TCs) of tetracycline (TC), chlortetracycline (CTC), and oxytetracycline (OTC), a sulfonamide group (SAs) of sulfamethoxazole (SMX), sulfathiazole (STZ), and sulfamethazine (SMT), an ionophore group (IPs) of lasalocid (LSL), monensin (MNS), and salinomycin (SLM), and a macrolide group (MLs) of tylosin (TYL) was determined from samples collected from the agricultural soil, stream water, and sediment. For the agricultural soil samples, the concentration of TCs had the highest value among all tested antibiotic's groups due to its high accumulation rate on the surface soils. The lower concentrations of SAs in the agricultural soils may be resulted from its lower usage and lower distribution coefficient (Kd) compared to TCs. The concentration of TCs in stream water was significantly increased through June to September. It would be likely due to soil loss during an intensive rainfall event and a reduction of water level after the monsoon season. A significant amount of TCs in the sediment was also detected due to its accumulation from runoff, which occurred by complexation of divalent cations, ion exchange, and hydrogen bonding among humic acid molecules. To ensure environmental or human safety, continuous monitoring of antibiotics residues in surrounding ecosystems and systematic approach to the occurrence mechanism of antibiotic resistant bacteria are required.

Keywords

Ionophores;Macrolides;Sediment;Soil;Sulfonamide;Tetracyclines;Water

Acknowledgement

Grant : 작물재배환경에서 중금속 및 항생물질의 안전성 평가

Supported by : 강원대학교 농업생명과학연구원

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