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Risk Assessment of Arsenic in Agricultural Products

농산물 중 비소 위해평가

  • Choi, Hoon (Food Contaminants Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation) ;
  • Park, Sung-Kug (Food Contaminants Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Sul (Food Contaminants Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Hye (Food Contaminants Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation)
  • 최훈 (식품의약품안전평가원 식품위해평가부 오염물질과) ;
  • 박성국 (식품의약품안전평가원 식품위해평가부 오염물질과) ;
  • 김동술 (식품의약품안전평가원 식품위해평가부 오염물질과) ;
  • 김미혜 (식품의약품안전평가원 식품위해평가부 오염물질과)
  • Received : 2010.06.23
  • Accepted : 2010.07.07
  • Published : 2010.09.30

Abstract

The present study was carried out to assess exposure & risk for Korean by total and inorganic As intake through agricultural products. Total arsenic analysis was performed using microwave device and ICP-MS. 50% MeOH extraction and anion-exchange HPLC-ICP-MS method has been used to determine arsenic species. 329 samples covering 20 kinds of agricultural products were collected from various retail outlets and markets across Korea. The concentration of total As was in the range of 0.001~0.718 mg/kg, while inorganic and organic arsenic species in all samples was not determined. For risk assessment, probable daily intake was calculated and compared with provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI, 15 ${\mu}g$/kg b.w./week for inorganic arsenic) established by JECFA. The median daily exposure to total and inorganic As by intake of agricultural products except rice was ranged 0.0002~0.012, 0.0001~0.001 ${\mu}g$/kg b.w./day, corresponding to 0.01~0.5%, 0.002~0.1% of PTWI, respectively. The median level of total and inorganic As intake through rice was 0.603 and 0.041 ${\mu}g$/kg b.w./day, and 28.1% and 1.9% of PTWI, respectively. Therefore, the level of overall exposure to arsenic for Korean through agricultural products was below the recommended JECFA levels, indicating of least possibility of risk.

Keywords

Agricultural products;Arsenic;Risk assessment

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