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Effects of Water Extract Mixtures from Artemisia capillaris, Camellia sinensis, Schizandra chinensis, and Viscum album var. coloratum on Laying Performance, Egg quality, Blood Characteristics, and Egg Storage Stability in Laying Hens

인진쑥, 녹차, 오미자, 겨우살이 혼합 추출물의 첨가 급여가 산란계의 난 생산성, 계란 품질, 혈액 특성 및 계란 저장성에 미치는 영향

  • 김동욱 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김지혁 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 강근호 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 강환구 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 최지영 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김상호 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 강창원 (건국대학교 동물생명과학대학)
  • Received : 2009.07.06
  • Accepted : 2010.05.13
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of three kinds of water extract mixtures each with different ratios of A. capillaris, C. sinensis, S. chinensis, and V. coloratum on laying performance, egg quality, blood characteristics, and egg storage stability in laying hens. One hundred and sixty 35-wk-old laying hens (Hy-line brown) were divided into four groups of 10 birds each replicated times four. The treatments involved a basal diet (C, control) or diets containing three kinds of water extract mixtures at 200 ppm (T1, water extract mixture A; T2, water extract mixture B; T3, water extract mixture C). The egg production rate, egg mass, and feed conversion ratio were significantly improved in all treatments compared to those of control (p<0.05). Haugh unit and egg yolk color in all treated groups were significantly improved in comparison with control (p<0.05), but no significant differences were observed for egg shell quality. The content of total cholesterol in blood serum was significantly decreased in all treatments compared to that of control (p<0.05). The blood biochemical parameters of liver and kidney damage were significantly decreased in all treatments compared to those of control (p<0.05). Total antioxidant activity in the blood serum of all treated groups was increased as well. The Haugh unit and malondialdehyde content in the egg yolk during storage were significantly decreased in all treated groups compared to control (p<0.05). Consequently, the dietary supplementation of water extract mixtures of A. capillaris, C. sinensis, S. chinensis, and V. coloratum improved laying performance and egg quality but decreased egg quality deterioration with increased storage. These results suggest that medicinal plant extracts could be used as a feed additive in feed for laying hens.

Keywords

medicinal plant extract;laying hen;laying performance;egg quality;blood characteristics;egg storage stability

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