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Casein Phosphopeptide (CPP)-Producing Activity and Proteolytic Ability by Some Lactic Acid Bacteria

유산균의 Casein Phosphopeptide(CPP) 생산 및 단백질 분해 활성

  • Cho, Yoon-Hee (Division of Animal Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Se-Jong (Division of Animal Science, Chonnam National University)
  • 조윤희 (전남대학교 동물자원학부) ;
  • 오세종 (전남대학교 동물자원학부)
  • Received : 2010.01.05
  • Accepted : 2010.05.11
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

Casein phosphopeptide (CPP) enhances calcium absorption in humans. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are capable of synthesis of cell-surface proteinase, which can hydrolyze milk protein and release several types of peptides in the medium. This study was conducted to characterize proteinase of LAB and to evaluate the CPP production from bovine milk. The content of CPP of milk produced by cell-free extract of LAB was determined based on the quantity of decomposed peptide from casein using the O-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) method. The proteolytic activity of LAB was assayed using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled casein. Casein appeared to be a better substrate than whey proteins for extracellular proteinases of LAB. During fermentation, milk proteins were hydrolyzed by extracellular proteinase of LAB, resulting in an increase in the amount of free $NH_3$ groups. Overall, the results presented here indicate that CPP produced by LAB may be a promising material for novel applications in the dairy industry.

Keywords

casein phosphopeptide;casein phosphopeptide;lactic acid bacteria;proteolytic activity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림기술관리센터

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