An experimental study of smoke extraction efficiency along with ventilation building location in the mad tunnel

도로터널 내 환기소 위치별 방재 효율에 관한 실험적 연구

  • 이동호 (인천대학교 안전공학과) ;
  • 김하영 (인하대학교 자원공학과 대학원) ;
  • 윤찬훈 (인하대학교 자원공학과 대학원) ;
  • 김진 (인하대학교 자원공학과)
  • Received : 2010.02.11
  • Accepted : 2010.05.24
  • Published : 2010.05.31

Abstract

An experimental study was carried out on a reduced scale model tunnel to investigate the efficiency of disaster prevention at underground and ground ventilation equipments for the fire in road tunnels. Based on Froude modeling, the 1/50 scaled model tunnel (20 m long) was manufactured. The vertical shafts that are used in the analysis of efficiency of disaster prevention are the two models that had considered when the real tunnels are designed and the amounts of smoke exhaust are applied the miniature of the real tunnels' smoke exhaust, 560 and $280\;m^3/s$. As the result of analysis, it is the possible the emissions of the entire quantity of CO gas through the vertical shafts. In the ground ventilation equipments, the concentration of CO is discharged 2.23~2,73 ppm smaller than the underground ventilation equipments. And the temperature rise in the ground ventilation equipments is $0.53{\sim}0.94^{\circ}C$ lower than in the underground ventilation equipments because of a cooling effect of the surface of the tunnel wall. As a result of analysis of CO concentration and the temperature rise in the modeling ventilation equipment, the position of ground ventilation equipment is more effective than the underground ventilation equipment in disaster prevention measures.

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