The Effect of Organizational Justice on Employees' Turnover Intention and Customer-Oriented Behavior in Chinese Full-Service Restaurants: The Mediating Role of Organizational Affective Commitment

  • Seo, Jin-Wook (College of Tourism and Culture Paichai University) ;
  • Liu, Li (Department of Tourism Management Graduate School of Paichai University) ;
  • Kim, Moon-Sun (Department of Tourism Management Graduate School of Paichai University)
  • Received : 2010.04.14
  • Accepted : 2010.06.03
  • Published : 2010.06.28


The purpose of this study was to provide a more comprehensive model which integrates a social exchange construct (i.e., organizational commitment) as a mediator to test the relationship between organizational justice and employees' bebaviors such as intent to leaving and custormer-oriented behavior. Based on the data collected from ten Chinese full-service restaurants, this study analyzed the proposed hypotheses through model comparison by using structural equation modeling (SEM) technique with AMOS 7.0. The results indicated that (1)distributive justice had negative influence on employees' turnover intention and positive influence on employees' customer oriented behavior and these influences were fully mediated by employees' affective commitment to their organizations; (2)procedural justice had negative influence on employees' turnover intention and positive influence on customer oriented behavior and these influences were only partially mediated by employees' affective commitment to their organizations. Managerial implications and future research directions were proposed at the last part of this study.


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