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Dietary patterns of obese high school girls: snack consumption and energy intake

  • Yoon, Jin-Sook ;
  • Lee, Nan-Jo
  • Received : 2010.05.03
  • Accepted : 2010.06.18
  • Published : 2010.10.31

Abstract

In order to develop an obesity management program for teenagers, we compared obese and non-obese girls attending high schools in terms of their dietary practices related to snack consumption. Dietary records were collected for 7 days. No significant differences were found for the average daily energy intake between obese and non-obese girls. However, the highest energy intake was greater for obese girls while not much difference was found for the lowest amount of energy intake. Obese girls had significantly lower intakes in calcium (P < 0.01), vitamin A (P < 0.001) and folate (P < 0.01). Mean energy intake from snack ($594.1{\pm}312.1kcal$) was significantly higher for obese girls than for non-obese girls ($360.1{\pm}173.1kcal$) (P < 0.001). A significant, positive correlation was observed between energy intake from snack and total daily energy intake (r = 0.34 P < 0.01) only for obese girls. In case of dietary behaviors, obese adolescent girls consumed significantly greater number of items for snacks and fewer foods for regular meals compared to non-obese girls (P < 0.05). This study suggested that obesity management programs for adolescents should focus on providing strategies to reduce snack through enhancing balanced regular meals.

Keywords

Obesity;snack consumption;daily variation;energy intake;adolescents

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Cited by

  1. Comparison of the dietary intake and clinical characteristics of obese and normal weight adults vol.5, pp.4, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4162/nrp.2011.5.4.329
  2. Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old vol.28, pp.2, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000200008

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Foundation