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The Study on the Amount and Major Compositions of Excreta from Swine

돼지의 분뇨 배설량 및 분뇨 성분 조사

  • 황보종 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 홍의철 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 박희두 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김동운 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 조성백 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원)
  • Received : 2010.03.29
  • Accepted : 2010.08.05
  • Published : 2010.08.31

Abstract

This work was carried out to investigate the quantity of excreta and its composition in crossbred pigs (Yorkshire ${\times}$ Landrace ${\times}$ Duroc) at different stages of growth. Twelve young piglets (average BW weight of $19.0{\pm}0.33kg$) were used in this study. Pigs were divided into four phases during growing time and two phases during finishing time. The average excreta production for growing pig was 3.46 kg/head/day (feces: 1.07 kg, urine: 2.39 kg). The average moisture contents of feces and urine were 70.54% and 97.39%, respectively. Contents of Calcium, Magnesium, Copper, Plumbum, and Arsenic were 1.00%, 0.26%, 10.47 mg/kg, 2.43 mg/kg, and 1.02 mg/kg, respectively. The concentration of the water pollutants like Biochemical Oxygen Demand ($BOD_5$), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Suspended Solid (SS), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Phosphorus (TP), excreted from pig were 96335, 61073, 207466, 8104 and 4209 mg/L in feces and 7364, 7149, 2715, 10110 and 613 mg/L in urine at the end of test, respectively. The daily loading amount of water pollutants ($BOD_5$, COD, SS, TN, and TP, respectively) in pig excreta were 102.1, 61.8, 221.6, 8.7, and 3.9 g/head/day in feces, and 19.3, 16.7, 8.0, 22.2, and 1.3 g/head/day in urine, respectively. The Nitrogen, $P_2O_5$, and $K_2O$ contents in the excreta of pigs were 0.96, 0.83 and 0.42% in feces, and 0.80, 0.09 and 0.53% in urine, respectively. Finally, this work was suggested to give basic information to swine farms.

Keywords

Swine;Excreta;Feces;Urine

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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  1. The Effect of Dietary Phytase on Nitrogen and Phosphorus Excretion of Gestating and Lactating Sows vol.54, pp.4, 2012, https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2012.54.4.291