Effect of tissue culture medium waste after harvest of Korean wild ginseng on growth performance and diseases resistance in broiler chickens

산삼배양액 급여에 따른 육계의 생산성 및 질병 저항성 효과

  • Seol, Jae-Won (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Jae-Hong (Department of Animal Resources and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Chae, Joon-Seok (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Hyung-Sub (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Ryu, Kyeong-Seon (Department of Animal Resources and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kang, Chun-Seong (E&T) ;
  • Park, Sang-Youel (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University)
  • Accepted : 2010.04.19
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

The large amount of tissue culture medium (TCM), which contains some of the active secretory components of Korean wild ginseng (KWG; Panax ginseng) such as saponins, is usually discarded after harvest of KWG. The present study was aimed to investigate the efficacy of oral administration of the TCM-KWG on growth performance and diseases resistance in broiler chickens. A day old broiler chickens randomized in 6 groups (n = 60/groups) were administered orally with 0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 mL/L TCMKWG through drinking water for 5 weeks and examined the change of weight gain, feed intake and blood components. Also, five weeks old broiler chickens (n = 15/groups) were challenged orally with Salmonella (S.) gallinarum and investigated the mortality in broiler chickens. An average weight gain and feed intake significantly didn't change in TCM-KWG administration groups as compared to control group. The concentration of calcium (Ca), phosphate (Pi) and potassium (K) in serum were increase by TCM-KWG administration in broiler chickens. We also found that oral administration of TCM-KWG through drinking water significantly reduced the mortality in broiler chickens experimentally infected with virulent S. gallinarum. The results of this study indicated that TCM-KWG administration may elevate the resistance on disease and improved the skeleton formation and body homeostasis of chickens, and TCM-KWG can be used as a cost-effective and environmentally alternative additives to control of the disease and growth.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 헬스케어기술개발사업단

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