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Bioactive Materials and Biological Activity in the Extracts of Leaf, Stem Mixture and Root from Angelica gigas Nakai

참당귀 잎, 줄기혼합물과 뿌리 추출물의 생리활성물질 및 그 활성작용

  • Heo, Jin-Sun (Sancheong Institute of Medicinal Herb on Foundation) ;
  • Cha, Jae-Young (Technical Research Institute, Daesun Distilling Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Woo (Technical Research Institute, Daesun Distilling Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Ahn, Hee-Young (Department of Medical Biosciences, Graduate School, Dong-A University) ;
  • Eom, Kyung-Eun (Department of Medical Biosciences, Graduate School, Dong-A University) ;
  • Heo, Su-Jin (Department of Medical Biosciences, Graduate School, Dong-A University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Su (Department of Biotechnology, Dong-A University)
  • 허진선 ((재)산청한방약초연구소) ;
  • 차재영 (대선주조(주) 기술연구소) ;
  • 김현우 (대선주조(주) 기술연구소) ;
  • 안희영 (동아대학교 대학원 의생명과학과) ;
  • 엄경은 (동아대학교 대학원 의생명과학과) ;
  • 허수진 (동아대학교 대학원 의생명과학과) ;
  • 조영수 (동아대학교 생명공학과)
  • Received : 2010.04.01
  • Accepted : 2010.05.10
  • Published : 2010.05.31

Abstract

The bioactive materials (phenolic compounds, flavonoids, minerals, decursin and decursinol angelate) and biological activities (DPPH [$\alpha,\alpha$'-diphenyl-$\beta$-picrylhydrazyl] free radical scavenging capability, reducing power, and tyrosinase activity) in the extracts of leaf, stem mixture (AGLS), and root (AGR) from Angelica gigas Nakai were examined by using water, hot water and ethanol solvent. The highest extract yield (21.89%) was found in the water extract of AGR. The highest concentrations of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in the ethanol extracts of AGLS and AGR were 14.99% and 14.79%. Major minerals of AGLS and AGR were K, Mg, Fe, Na and Ca. Decursin and decursinol angelate were the major ingredients of Angelica gigas, detected at 18.71 and 18.89 min of retention time by HPLC analysis, respectively. The highest concentrations of decursin and decursinol angelate in the Angelica gigas ethanol extract were found in root ($41.7\;{\mu}g/g$) and leaf ($34.04\;{\mu}g/g$). The highest free radical scavenging activity was found in the hot water extracts of AGLS and AGR, and its activity was stronger in all extracts of AGLS than AGR. The highest reducing power was found in the ethanol extracts of AGLS and AGR and this was dependent on the sample concentration. The hot water extracts of AGLS and AGR revealed the highest inhibition activity on tyrosinase. Overall, these results may provide the basic data needed to understand the biological activities of bioactive materials derived from Angelica gigas.

Keywords

Angelica gigas Nakai;decursin;decursinol angelate;antioxidative activity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동아대학교

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