Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Factors Relative to the Brain Nerve Growth in Girls

유산소운동이 여자 아동의 뇌세포 생성 관련인자에 미치는 영향

  • Pyun, Mi-Young (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Han-Sam (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jeon, Jae-Young (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Won (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Hee (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lim, Chun-Kyu (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Un (Department of of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Jun (Department of Physical Education, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Kwak, Yi-Sub (Department of Physical Education, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Ko, Ki-Jun (Department of Sport for All, Daegu Mirae College)
  • 편미영 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 조한샘 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 전재영 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 김종원 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 이경희 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 임춘규 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 김태운 (부산대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 김현준 (경남대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 곽이섭 (동의대학교 체육교육과) ;
  • 고기준 (대구미래대학 스포츠학과)
  • Received : 2010.05.08
  • Accepted : 2010.06.23
  • Published : 2010.06.30


Exercise can favorably influence brain plasticity by facilitating neurogeneration, neuroadaptivity, and neuroprotection. Aerobic exercise has been reported to change brain nerve growth factors (growth hormone, insulin like factor-1, estrogen and serotonin). The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effects of aerobic exercise for 12 weeks on brain nerve growth factors in girls. Fourteen female participants in elementary school grades 1 through 3 were randomly allocated to the exercise group (EG, n=6) and control group (CG, n=8). The EG participated in 60 minutes of modified ballet exercise as aerobic training three days a week for 12 weeks. Based on comparison between groups by two-way ANOVA with repeated measures, aerobic exercise program participants experienced decreased weight (p<0.01), BMI (p<0.01), fat mass (p<0.001), fat percent (p<0.001) and increased LBM (lean body mass) percent (p<0.001). In addition, we detected that aerobic exercise decreased the level of serotonin (p<0.05) and increased the level of GH (p<0.05) and IGF-1 (p<0.05). These findings suggest that aerobic exercise programs can be an efficient intervention to change body composition, alleviate central fatigue, improve brain function, and induce brain cell proliferation in girls.


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