DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Estimation of Food Miles and CO2 Emissions of Imported Food

수입 음식료품의 푸드 마일리지 및 이산화탄소 배출량 산정

  • Ju, Ok-Jung (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Bum (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Seong, Mi-Ae (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Su-Yeon (Air Quality Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Ryu, Ji-Yeon (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Dai-Gon (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Hong, Yoo-Deog (Climate Change Research Division, Climate and Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 주옥정 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과) ;
  • 이재범 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과) ;
  • 성미애 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과) ;
  • 김수연 (국립환경과학원 대기환경과) ;
  • 류지연 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과) ;
  • 김대곤 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과) ;
  • 홍유덕 (국립환경과학원 기후변화연구과)
  • Published : 2010.02.28

Abstract

Increase in greenhouse gas emissions during the last century has led to remarkable changes in our environment and climate system. Many policy measures have been developed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions across the world, many of which require our lifestyle changes from energy-intensive to energy-saving. One of the changes in our living patterns is to consider food miles. A food mile is the distance food travels from where it is produced to where it is consumed. Providing information of food miles will help people choose low mileage food, helping promote a "green consumption" action and lead to a low carbon society with emission reduction systems. In this study, 10 items are selected from 23 Harmonized commodity description and 2-digit coding system (HS) to estimate their food miles, and $CO_2$ emissions released in the transportation of imported food. For the estimation, four countries are chosen-Korea, Japan, United Kingdom (UK) and France, with Korea and Japan's 2001, 2003, and 2007 trade statistics and UK and France's 2003 and 2007 trade statistics used. As a result, Korea showed in 2007 the highest level of food miles and $CO_2$ emissions per capita among 4 countries. That suggests that Korea should make an effort to purchase local food to reduce food miles and use low-carbon vehicles for food transport, contributing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Keywords

Food miles;Imported food;$CO_2$ emissions;Global warming

References

  1. Chae, Y., S.-Y. Bae, and J.-E. Kim (2006) Estimating climate change damage using PAGE model, Korea Environment Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 184 pp.
  2. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), UK(2005) The validity of food miles as an indicator of sustainable development: Final report, ED50254 Issue 7, 103 pp.
  3. Hill, H. (2008) Food miles: Background and marketing, a publication of ATTRA-national sustainable Agriculture information service, 12 pp, www.attra.ncat.org/ attra-pub/foodmiles.html or www.attra.ncat.org/ attra-pub/PDF/foodmiles.pdf.
  4. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) Climate change 2007: The physical science basis. contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, cambridge university press, cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  5. Kim, H.-S., E.-H. Choi, N.-H. Lee, S.-H. Lee, J.-P. Cheong, C.-Y. Lee, and S.-M. Yi (2007) Comparison of greenhouse gas emission from landfills by different scenarios, Korean J. of Atmos. Environ., 23(3), 344- 352. (in Korean with English abstract) https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2007.23.3.344
  6. Kim, S.-D. and S.-H. Na (2008) Calculation methods for greenhouse gas emission, The Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea, 35(11), 73-82.
  7. Korea Eco-Products Institute (2009) Carbon footprint label emission factor, Public Notice No. 2009-10 [13 Feb. 2009].
  8. Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy (2009) Analytical results of greenhouse gas emissions by local governments, Press Release, URL: http://www.mke.go.kr [31 July 2009]
  9. Korean Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2009) Active collaboration for revitalizing railroad logistics among the private and government sectors, Press Release, URL: http://www. mltm.go.kr [26 Oct. 2009].
  10. Korea Rural Economic Institute (2007) Food balance sheets, korea rural economic institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 287 pp.
  11. Nakata, T. (2003) A study on the volume and transportation distance as to food imports ("Food Mileage") and its influence on the environment, J. Agric. Policy Res., No. 5, 45-59. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  12. National Oceanographic Research Institute (2003) Distance tables, ministry of maritime affairs and fisheries, National Oceanographic Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea, Pub. No., 250, 194 pp.
  13. Pirog, R. and A. Benjamin (2005) Calculating food miles for a multiple ingredient food product, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, 13 pp.
  14. Weber, C. L. and H. S. Matthews (2008) Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the united states, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 3508-3513. https://doi.org/10.1021/es702969f

Cited by

  1. Mitigation Potential and Economic Effect of Green Life in the Residential Sector in Korea vol.29, pp.5, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2013.29.5.668