Performance Evaluation of Component Detectors of Double-scattering Compton Camera

이중 산란형 컴프턴 카메라 구성 검출기 성능 평가

  • Seo, Hee (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Park, Jin-Hyung (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kim, Chan-Hyeong (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Ju-Hahn (Department of Physics, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Chun-Sik (Department of Physics, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Sung (Department of Nuclear Medicine and Interdisciplinary Program in Radiation Applied Life Science, Seoul National University)
  • 서희 (한양대학교 원자력공학과) ;
  • 박진형 (한양대학교 원자력공학과) ;
  • 김찬형 (한양대학교 원자력공학과) ;
  • 이주한 (중앙대학교 물리학과) ;
  • 이춘식 (중앙대학교 물리학과) ;
  • 이재성 (서울대학교 핵의학교실)
  • Received : 2010.03.26
  • Accepted : 2010.05.03
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

Prototype double-scattering Compton camera, which consists of three gamma-ray detectors, that is, two double-sided silicon strip detectors (DSSDs) as scatterer detectors and a NaI(Tl) scintillation detector as an absorber detector, could provide high imaging resolution with a compact system. In the present study, the energy resolution and the timing resolution of component detectors were measured, and the parameters affecting the energy resolution of the DSSD were examined in terms of equivalent noise charge (ENC). The energy resolutions of the DSSD-1 and DSSD-2 were, in average, $25.2keV{\pm}0.8keV$ FWHM and $31.8keV{\pm}4.6keV$ FWHM at the 59.5 keV peak of $^{241}Am$, respectively. The timing resolutions of the DSSD and NaI(Tl) scintillation detector were 57.25 ns FWHM and 7.98 ns FWHM, respectively. In addition, the Compton image was obtained for a point-like $^{137}Cs$ gamma source with double-scattering Compton camera. From the present experiment, the imaging resolution of 8.4 mm FWHM (angular resolution of $8.1^{\circ}$ FWHM), and the imaging sensitivity of $1.5{\times}10^{-7}$ (intrinsic efficiency of $1.9{\times}10^{-6}$) were obtained.

현재 개발중에 있는 이중 산란형 컴프턴 카메라는 두 대의 산란부 검출기(양면 실리콘 스트립 검출기, DSSD)와 하나의 흡수부 검출기(NaI(Tl) 섬광 검출기)로 구성되며, 소형이면서도 높은 영상해상도를 제공할 수 있는 구조를 가지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 이중 산란형 컴프턴 카메라를 구성하고 있는 감마선 검출기들의 에너지 분해능 및 시간 분해능을 평가하고, 산란부 검출기의 에너지 분해능에 영향을 미치는 인자들을 등가 노이즈 전하(equivalent noise charge)를 통하여 분석하였다. DSSD-1은 평균적으로 59.5 keV 피크($^{241}Am$)에 대하여 $25.2keV{\pm}0.8keV$ FWHM의 에너지 분해능을 보였으며, DSSD-2는 $31.8keV{\pm}4.6keV$ FWHM의 에너지 분해능 지니고 있는 것으로 확인되었다. DSSD의 시간 분해능은 57.25 ns FWHM으로 평가되었고, NaI(Tl) 섬광 검출기의 시간 분해능은 7.98 ns FWHM이었다. 또한 이중산란형 컴프턴 카메라를 이용하여 $^{137}Cs$ 점선원에 대한 컴프턴 영상을 획득한 후 성능을 평가하였다. 이번 실험을 통해서 영상해상도 8.4 mm FWHM (각 분해능 $8.1^{\circ}$ FWHM)을 획득하였고, 영상감도는 $1.5{\times}10^{-7}$(고유 효율=$1.9{\times}10^{-6}$)으로 나타났다.

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