DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effects of Water-Absorbent Softner Treatment on the End-Use Properties of Polyester Knitted Fabrics

흡습유연 처리에 의한 PET 소재의 성능 변화 분석

  • 권영아 (신라대학교 패션산업학부)
  • Received : 2009.12.11
  • Accepted : 2010.06.08
  • Published : 2010.10.30

Abstract

Superior hydrophilic properties will allow varieties of polyester(PET) fiber materials, fabrics and industrial materials a broader scope of use. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of water-absorbent softener treatment on the end-use properties and the hand of polyester knitted fabrics. Two different fabrics were knitted for the summer ladies' outwear; PET jersey and PET mesh. Variables were softner treatment and stitch type(jersey and mesh). Mechanical properties of the fabric samples were measured by KES-FB system. From these, primary hand values(HV) were evaluated by the conversion equation (KW-403-KTU) and the total hand value(T.H.V.) was calculated according to the KN-304 Summer. Both water-absorbent softner treatment and stitch types affected mechanical properties and hand values of PET fabrics. Mesh were thicker than single jersey stitch. As they became thicker, tensile, shear, and compressional energy increased. It appeared that coefficient of friction of mesh stitch was larger than that of single jersey stitch. The coefficient of friction and the mean deviation of surface roughness were decreased by softener treatment. After softner treatment KOSHI and SHARI of the both PET jersey and PET mesh decreased. However, FUKURAMI values of PET jersey increased and that of PET mesh decreased. The T.H.V. of the treated PET jersey was lower than that of the untreated one, while the T.H.V. of the treated PET mesh was higher than that of the untreated one. Overall T.H.V. of the single jersey was better than that of the mesh before and after softner treatment.

Keywords

water-absorbent softener treatment;mechanical properties;handle;total hand values

References

  1. 김승진, 박홍수, 강두환. (1995). 알킬지방산 에스테르계 나일론 섬유용 내구성 유연제의 제조와 물성. 한국유화학회지, 12(1), 87-92.
  2. 김경애. (1998). 알칼리 감량가공 된 폴리에스테르 직물의 역학적 특성과 표면특성에 관한 연구. 대한가정학회지, 36(8), 51-62.
  3. 신혜원. (1996). 폴리에스테르 직물의 알칼리 감량가공에 따른 촉감의 변화. 한국의류학회지, 2(5), 783-791.
  4. 송석규, 김상율. (1983). 알칼리 처리에 의한 폴리에스테르 섬유의 유연가공에 관한 연구. 한국섬유공학회지, 20(4), 206-216.
  5. 오경화. (1996). Effects of Silicone Softeners on the Performance of the In - Situ Polymerization and Crosslinking Treated Cotton Fabrics. 한국섬유공학회지, 33(9), 761-770.
  6. 이정순. (1996). $TiO_2$로 소광가공된 폴리에스테르 직물의 알칼리 유연가공에 관한 연구. 한국의류학회지, 20(1), 157-169.
  7. 이희준, 이민수, 김승진, 조대현, 김태훈. (1998). PET 직물의 감량율과 직물구조인자에 따른 열적 쾌적성 변화에 관한 연구. 한국의류학회지, 22(7), 816-825.
  8. 정충호, 김성례, 박형진, 함현식, 김태옥, 박홍수. (2002). 지방산 폴리아미드 및 알킬이미다졸린을 이용한 나일론 섬유용 내구성 유연제의 제조. 한국유화학회지, 19(4), 290-296.
  9. 홍의석, 고재용, 전영제, 박홍수, 안종일. (1995). 지방산 폴리아미드계 내구성 유연제의 제조와 나일론 섬유에의 응용. 한국유화학회지, 12(1), 13-18.
  10. 조혜진, 이원자, 김영주, 서정권. (2004). 편성조직이 위편성물의 태에 미치는 영향 -싱글 니트의 객관적 태평가를 중심으로-. 한국의류학회지, 28(8), 1153-1164.
  11. 바커, 흡습성 실리콘 섬유 유연제 신제품 출시. (2007. 10. 1). OK fashion 뉴스클리핑. 자료검색일 2007, 10. 1, 자료출처 http:// www.okfashion.co.kr/print_paper.cgi?action=print_paper& number=2247&title=%ED%94%84%EB%A6%B0%ED%8A%B8
  12. ORINSTAR SF-HPS. (2008, 6. 23). Semi-micro emulsion of hydrophilic silicones. Retrieved June 23, 2008, from http://www. orinstar.com/copy-product.html#link31
  13. Tzanov, T., Betcheva, R., & Hardalov, I. (1999). Thermophysiological comfort of silicone softeners-treated woven textile materials. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 11(4), 189-197. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556229910281911
  14. Wacker, 실리콘 섬유유연제 공급. (2007, 10. 4). 화학산업뉴스. 자료 검색일 2007, 10. 4, 자료출처 http://www.chemlocus.co.kr/news/ news_un_read. htm?menu=D32&Sequence=48679&searchdate=& searchtype=0505&searchkey=&key=&ttype=&research=&research key=&rekey=&MainSearch=&cpage=1

Cited by

  1. The Subjective Hand and Preferences Evaluation of Artificial Leather by Use vol.19, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.5805/SFTI.2017.19.1.79