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Application of a Selective Emitter Structure for Ni/Cu Plating Metallization Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

Selective Emitter 구조를 적용한 Ni/Cu Plating 전극 결정질 실리콘 태양전지

  • Kim, Min-Jeong (Green Strategic Energy Research Institute, Sejong University) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Doo (Green Strategic Energy Research Institute, Sejong University) ;
  • Lee, Soo-Hong (Green Strategic Energy Research Institute, Sejong University)
  • 김민정 (세종대학교 그린전략에너지기술연구소) ;
  • 이재두 (세종대학교 그린전략에너지기술연구소) ;
  • 이수홍 (세종대학교 그린전략에너지기술연구소)
  • Received : 2010.05.17
  • Accepted : 2010.06.21
  • Published : 2010.07.01

Abstract

The technologies of Ni/Cu plating contact is attributed to the reduced series resistance caused by a better contact conductivity of Ni with Si and the subsequent electroplating of Cu on Ni. The ability to pattern narrower grid lines for reduced light shading was combined with the lower resistance of a metal silicide contact and an improved conductivity of the plated deposit. This improves the FF (fill factor) as the series resistance is reduced. This is very much requried in the case of low concentrator solar cells in which the series resistance is one of the important and dominant parameter that affect the cell performance. A Selective emitter structure with highly dopeds regions underneath the metal contacts, is widely known to be one of the most promising high-efficiency solution in solar cell processing In this paper the formation of a selective emitter, and the nickel silicide seed layer at the front side metallization of silicon cells is considered. After generating the nickel seed layer the contacts were thickened by Cu LIP (light induced plating) and by the formation of a plated Ni/Cu two step metallization on front contacts. In fabricating a Ni/Cu plating metallization cell with a selective emitter structure it has been shown that the cell efficiency can be increased by at least 0.2%.

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