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Effects of Drinking Reverse-osmosis Treated Deep Sea Water on Growth Performance and Immune Response in Broiler Chickens

  • Keohavong, Bounmy (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Jun-Yeob (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeong-Heon (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yun, Seok-Min (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Myeong-Ho (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Ki (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Gur-Yoo (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ohh, Sang-Jip (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2010.05.06
  • Accepted : 2010.06.10
  • Published : 2010.06.30

Abstract

This study was executed to investigate the effects of drinking deep sea water treated by reverse osmosis process (RO-DSW) on growth performance, nutrient utilizability, relative weight of lymphoid organs and the concentration of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) in broiler chickens. A total of 200 one day old broiler chickens (Ross 308) were equally and randomly distributed into 10 ground floor pens (20 chicks per pen, 5 pens per treatment) bedded with rice-husks. The broilers were offered either fresh tap water (Control) or RO-DSW for 28 days (from d 6 to d 33) as the drinking water. The same basal phase 1 diet for first 2 weeks and phase 2 diet for last 2 weeks were offered ad libitum to the birds. The RO-DSW was prepared by diluting 1:20 ratio with deionized water before offering to chickens. The diet for control birds was supplemented with 0.21 % of food-grade salt to satisfy salt need of the birds. Broiler feeding study resulted that there were no differences in amount of water consumption, mortality and FCR between RO-DSW and control chickens. However, feed intake and body weight gain were increased (p<0.05) by RO-DSW drinking. There was no (p>0.05) difference in nutrients utilizability between RO-DSW and fresh water drinking. There were no (p>0.05) differences in the immune response between the control and treatment group. The serum IgG levels were 3.01 vs 2.87 mg/ml and the relative weights of spleen, thymus and bursa of Fabricius were 0.23, 0.18 and 0.20 vs. 0.20, 0.17 and 0.14 for RO-DSW vs. control birds, respectively. The immune responses were tended to be improved by RO-DSW drinking. This study showed an improvement in weight gain and feed intake that could be induced by RO-DSW drinking, although it is difficult to explain the reasons of the improvement at this moment. This study implied that RO-DSW could be successfully used as drinking water to broiler chickens.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Water and Environment, Korea Water Resources Corporation

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