The Influences of Meditation Program Using Picture Books on Reduction of Young Children's Aggression

그림책을 활용한 명상 프로그램이 유아의 공격성 감소에 미치는 영향

  • 박미정 (울산현대자동차어린이집) ;
  • 권기남 (서울사이버대학교 복지시설경영학과)
  • Received : 2010.02.17
  • Accepted : 2010.03.05
  • Published : 2010.03.30

Abstract

This study examined the effects of a meditation program using picture books as a method of reducing young children's aggression. Data was taken from a sample of 60 four-to five-year-old children in daycare centers. This study employed a pre/post-test controlgroup design. All children of each daycare center were assigned to an experimental group(meditation program using picture books) or control group(general music meditation program). All variables were measured by the mothers and teachers of the observed children and the collected data were analyzed by independent and paired t-test. The main results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the meditation program using picture books and general music meditation program were all effective in reducing young children's aggression (aggression against things, aggression against others, verbal aggressin and total aggression) perceived by their teachers, that is, aggression against things, aggression against others and verbal aggression. Secondly, the meditation program using picture books was more effective than general music meditation program in reducing young children's aggression perceived by teachers. Thirdly, the meditation program using picture books was effective in reducing only young children's verbal aggression perceived by their mothers.

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