Expression of Prolactin Receptor mRNA after Melatonin Manipulated in Cashmere Goats Skin during Cashmere Growth

  • Yue, Chunwang (College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei North University) ;
  • Du, Lixin (Institute of Animal Science Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Zhang, Wei (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhu, Xiaoping (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Kong, Xianghao (College of Animal Science and Technology, Hebei North University) ;
  • Jia, Zhihai (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2010.01.04
  • Accepted : 2010.03.10
  • Published : 2010.10.01


The aim of this research was to investigate the dynamic changes of the level of total prolactin receptor (PRLR) mRNA and the short form prolactin receptor (S-PRLR) mRNA in skin of cashmere goats from the initiation of cashmere fibre growth to active growth. Eighteen half-sib wethers were allocated randomly to two groups. Melatonin implants were used in order to initiate growth of cashmere fibre before the normal time and reduce blood plasma prolactin (PRL) concentration. Real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) was used to determine PRLR mRNA expression levels of skin from June to November. The results showed that, in Chinese Inner Mongolia cashmere goats, there were seasonal variations in expression of total PRLR mRNA in skin with levels decreasing from June to October. Synchronously, the cashmere fibre growth rate gradually increased during this period, but the expression levels of S-PRLR mRNA did not decrease along with seasonal variation from initiation to active growth of cashmere fibre. These results suggest that expression levels of S- PRLR mRNA might be involved in the process of cashmere growth. It was also possible that the change of alternative splicing of PRLR occurred in the skin of cashmere goats from proanagen to anagen.


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