The Effects of Reflective Writing Activities about The Environment on The Environmental Sensitivity and Willingness to Act of Primary School Students

환경에 대한 반성적 글쓰기 활동이 초등학교 학생들의 환경민감도와 실천의지에 미치는 효과

  • Kim, Soon-Shik (Department of Earth Science, Busan National University) ;
  • Choi, Sung-Bong (Department of Earth Science, Busan National University)
  • 김순식 (부산대학교 지구과학과) ;
  • 최성봉 (부산대학교 지구과학과)
  • Published : 2010.01.31


Today's fundamental purpose of environmental education is to fulfill people's desire of living in a pleasant environment and at the same time promoting individualistic and collective environmentally friendly behaviors. In order to achieve these purposes, it is very important that each person holds an environmentally friendly mind that constantly tries to preserve and protect the environment which should be acquired through experiencing the importance of the environment. In order to increases the sense of attachment of people and the natural environment, the direction of environmental education should carry out education on environment related knowledge and the condition of environment damage side by side. The direction of environmental education should consider the cultivating student's awareness for active participation on matters related to the environment and to change their behaviors towards the environment. This study has tested the effect of reflective writing activities about the environment on the environmental sensitivity and willingness to act of 5th grade primary school students. For the sole purpose of this study, 70 students out of 141 5th graders of M Primary School were divided as the experimental group, and another 71 students were divided as the control group. The experimental group participated in 10 activities in where they were asked to express their thoughts and feelings in writing regarding 10 environmental problems occurring near the M Primary School. The control group participated in 10 environmental education lectures focusing on the lecturer. The results were as following. First, the reflective writing activities about the environment were effective in the environmental sensitivity of primary school students. Second, the reflective writing activities about the environment can affect the environmental willingness to act of primary school students. Third, there was a statistically significant correlation between environmental sensitivity and environmental willingness to act.


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