A Comparison of Postpartum Depression according to Delivery Mode in the Postpartum Women

분만유형에 따른 산욕기 산모의 산후 우울 비교

  • Received : 2010.11.26
  • Accepted : 2010.12.09
  • Published : 2010.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study is intended to identify difference postpartum depression according to delivery mode in the postpartum women. Methods: The subjects were 239 postpartum women in D and A city. Data collected from June 9, 2006 to August 6, 2007 using structured questionnaire surveys and convenience sampling. Measuring instrument was BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) translated By Lee and Song (1991). Collected data was analyzed by $x^2$-test, ANCOVA, Stepwise Multiple Regression with SPSS/PC 14.0. Results: There were significant differences in postpartum period ($x^2$=12.40, p = .002) and sleeping hours ($x^2$=9.09, p = .011) as analysed distribution of the subjects according to delivery mode. As result of analyzing the difference of postpartum depression according to delivery mode using ANCOVA, C-sec women's postpartum depression was higher than vaginal delivery women statistically (F=6.32, p = .013). As a result of Multiple Regression, income was a influencing factor of postpartum depression in vaginal delivery women and support of spouse and sleeping hours were influencing factors in C-sec women. Conclusion: There were differences in postpartum depression and their influencing factors according to delivery mode. Therefore it is necessary to develop and study a concrete nursing intervention and strategies for reducing the postpartum depression according to delivery mode.