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Effects of Supplemental Medicinal Plants (Artemisia, Acanthopanax and Garlic) on Productive Performance of Sows and on Growth and Carcass Traits in Finishing Pigs

약용식물(Artemisia, Acanthopanax and Garlic)의 급여가 돼지의 생산성에 미치는 영향

  • Jang, Hae-Dong (Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Je-Hyun (Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Hong, Seong-Min (Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Jung, Ji-Hong (Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, In-Ho (Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University)
  • 장해동 (단국대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 이제현 (단국대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 홍성민 (단국대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 정지홍 (단국대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 김인호 (단국대학교 동물자원학과)
  • Received : 2009.09.24
  • Accepted : 2010.03.15
  • Published : 2010.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of supplemental medicinal plants (Artemisia, Acanthopanx and Garlic) on productive parameters in pigs. In experiment 1, a total of 90 multiparous sows were used in a 21-d performance study. The diets included: 1) CON (basal diet; Control), 2) BM1 (CON + 0.1% medicinal plants) and 3) BM2 (CON + 0.2% medicinal plants). Backfat thickness from farrowing to weaning was higher (P<0.05) in CON compared with sows fed treatments diets. The piglets weight gain was higher in the medicinal plants treatments (P<0.05). ADFI, nutrient digestibility and survivability were not affected by the experimental treatments. In experiment 2, a total of 60 finishing pigs (Landrace ${\times}$ Yorkshire ${\times}$ Duroc, $65.21\;{\pm}\;0.04\;kg$ average initial body weight) were used in a 56-d performance assay to determine the effects of supplemental medicinal plants (Artemisia, Acanthopanx and Garlic) on growth performance and carcass characteristics in finishing pigs. The dietary treatments included: 1) CON (basal diet ; Control), 2) BM1 (CON + 0.1% medicinal plants) and 3) BM2 (CON + 0.2% medicinal plants). For 4~8 weeks and overall period, ADG was higher (P<0.05) in the pigs fed medicinal plants. CON treatment was higher 24 pH loin and cooking loss than BM1 treatment (P<0.05). Water holding capacity and drip loss after 1day were affected by the dietary treatments (P<0.05). No numerical differences were observed in sensory evaluation, meat color, TBARS and loin area among three treatments. In conclusion, the results obtained from this feeding trial suggest that the medicinal plants mixture supplementation in diets for finishing pigs can improve ADG, water holding capacity, cooking loss and it improved backfat loss in sow and, litter weight gain.

Keywords

Medicinal plants;Sow;Finishing pig

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