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Development of SNP Markers for Domestic Pork Traceability

국내산 돼지고기의 원산지 검증을 위한 SNP Marker Set 개발

  • Kim, Sang-Wook (Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Li, Xiaoping (Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Yun-Mi (School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Joo (School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Hun (National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Bong-Hwan (National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Kwan-Suk (Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University)
  • 김상욱 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 축산학과) ;
  • 이소평 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 축산학과) ;
  • 이윤미 (영남대학교 생명공학부) ;
  • 김종주 (영남대학교 생명공학부) ;
  • 김태헌 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 최봉환 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김관석 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 축산학과)
  • Received : 2009.11.09
  • Accepted : 2010.02.11
  • Published : 2010.04.30

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to develop an optimum SNP marker set to be utilized for domestic pork traceability. The study tested 51 SNP markers analyzed for origin of farm to be determined from genotypes of offspring and parents in pigs. With the simulation data through random mating population (PI), half sib mating population ($PI_{half-sib}$) and full sib mating population ($PI_{sibs}$), probability of identical genotypes were analyzed as $5.63{\times}10^{-33}$, $4.35{\times}10^{-15}$ and $1.32{\times}10^{-15}$, respectively. The 51 SNP markers also had 100% accuracy for parental determination. These results suggest that if the pig breeding stock is genotyped with the 51 SNP markers, the genotype information of individual offspring can be checked for farm origins by tracing parental sow and sire. Therefore, these SNP markers will be useful to trace the pork from production to consumption in pigs.

Keywords

Pig breeding;SNPs;Pork origin;Parentage analysis

Acknowledgement

Grant : 돼지고기 원산지 판별기술 개발

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술기획평가원

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