DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Injury of Full Seed Stage Soybeans by The Bean Bug, Riptortus pedestris

콩 종실비대성기에 톱다리개미허리노린재 가해에 의한 피해 해석

  • Received : 2010.10.25
  • Accepted : 2010.12.15
  • Published : 2010.12.30

Abstract

Soybean seed injury was analyzed in the experiments in which the bean bug, Riptortus pedestris(Hemiptera: Alydidae), was released into screen-caged pots containing full seed stage(R6) of soybean. When the different stages of insects, from the 3rd instar nymphs to adults, were released into pots during 8 days in soybean R6 stage, soybean seeds with injury marks (B-type seeds) increased. The weight reduction ratio in B-type seeds was highest in the injury by the 5th instar nymphs, while the daily-produced number ratio of B-type seeds was small in the treatment. In the injury by the different number of adult released into pots, 4, 8, 16 adults caused a significant increase of B-type seeds, while 16 adults caused the significant increase of the deformed (C-type) seeds. In the injury by the different release period of adults, the total number of pods was not significantly different among treatments, while the total seed number harvested was significantly small in the release for 48 days. The release for 8 and 16 days caused a significant increase of B-type seeds, while the release for 48 days caused the increase of C-type seeds. The results indicated that injury of soybean R6 stage by the bean bug produced soybean seeds with distinct injury marks at relatively low density and during short term attack period, while it produced deformed seeds at high density and during long attack period.

Keywords

Soybean;Full seed stage;Riptortus pedestris;Innoculation;Seed injury

References

  1. Boethel, D.J., J.S. Russin, A.T. Wier, M.B. Layton, J.S. Mink and M.L. Boyd. 2000. Delayed maturity associated with southern green stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) injury at various soybean phenological stages. J. Econ. Entomol. 93:707-712. https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.3.707
  2. Correa-Ferreira, B.S. and J. de Azevedo. 2002. Soybean seed damage by different species of stink bugs. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 4: 145-150. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-9563.2002.00136.x
  3. Fehr, W.R., C.E. Caviness, D.T. Bernood and J.S. Pennington. 1971. Stage of development descriptions for soybeans, Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Crop Sci. 11: 929-931. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1971.0011183X001100060051x
  4. Higuchi, H. 2001. Occurrence and control of stink bugs attacking soybeans. Plant Protection. 55: 220-223.
  5. Huh, H.S., W. Huh, S.D. Bae and C.G. Park. 2005. Seasonal occurrence and ovarian development of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 44: 199-205.
  6. Jung, J.K., J.T. Youn, D.J. Im and U.H. Kim. 2004. Population density of the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Alydidae) and soybean injury in soybean fields. Treat. of Crop Res. 5: 473-438.
  7. Jung, J.K., J.T. Youn, D.J. Im, J.H. Park and U.H. Kim. 2005. Soybean seed injury by the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Alydidae) at reproductive stage of soybean (Glycine max Linnaeus). Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 44: 299-306.
  8. Kono, S. 1989. Analysis of soybean seed injuries caused by three species of stink bug. Jpn. J. Appl. Ent. Zool. 33: 128-133. https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.33.128
  9. Lee, G.H., C.H. Paik, M.Y. Choi, Y.J. Oh, D.H. Kim and S.Y. Na. 2004. Seasonal occurrence, soybean damage and control efficacy of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg (Hemiptera: Alydidae) at soybean field in Honam province. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 43: 249-255.
  10. McPherson, R.M., J.W. Todd and K.V. Yeargan. 1994. Stink bugs. pp.87-90. In Handbook of soybean insect pests, eds. by L.G. Higley and D.J. Boethel. 144pp. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD.
  11. Miles, P.W. 1972. The saliva of Hemiptera. Adv. Insect Physiol. 9: 183-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2806(08)60277-5
  12. Musser, F.R., A.L. Catchot, B.K. Gibson and K.S. Knighten. 2011. Economic injury levels for southern green stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in R7 growth stage soybeans. Crop Protection. 30: 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2010.09.011
  13. Numata, H. and N. Matsui. 1988. Circadian rhythm of oviposition in the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg (Heteroptera: Alydidae). Appl. Ent. Zool. 23: 493-495.
  14. Panizzi, A.R. and R.M.L. Alves. 1993. Performance of nymphs and adults of the southern green stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) exposed to soybean pods at different phenological stages of development. J. Econ. Entomol. 86: 1088-1093. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/86.4.1088
  15. Sakurai, T. 1996. Multiple mating and its effect on female reproductive output in the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus (Heteroptera: Alydidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 89: 481-485. https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/89.3.481
  16. Son, C.K., S.G. Park, Y.H. Hwang and B.S. Choi. 2000. Field occurrence of stink bug and its damage in soybean. Kor. J. Crop. Sci. 45: 405-410.
  17. Suzuki, N., N. Hokyo and K. Kiritani. 1991. Analysis of injury timing and compensatory reaction of soybean to feeding of the southern green stink bug and the bean bug. Appl. Ent. Zool. 26:279-287.
  18. Yeargan, K.V. 1977. Effects of green stink bug damamge on yield and quality of soybeans. J. Econ. Entomol. 70: 619-622. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/70.5.619

Cited by

  1. Effects of temperature on the development, fecundity, and life table parameters of Riptortus pedestris (Hemiptera: Alydidae) pp.1347-605X, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13355-018-0593-5