Effects of an Obesity Control Program on Body Composition and Serum Lipid levels in Obese Elementary School Students

비만 관리 프로그램이 비만 아동의 체성분과 혈청지질에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2010.02.28


To elucidate the effects of an obesity control program on body composition and serum lipid levels, 31 obese elementary students (male: 25, female: 6) residing in the Gyeonggi area were evaluated and their body composition, serum total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and TG (triglyceride) were analyzed. The average age, height, weight and BMI (body mass index) were $11.52{\pm}1.00\;yrs$, $151.96{\pm}8.04\;cm$, $68.21{\pm}9.03\;kg$ and $29.40{\pm}1.79\;kg/m^2$ for the males, respectively, and $11.17{\pm}1.17\;yrs$, $147.83{\pm}5.15\;cm$, $65.05{\pm}10.86\;kg$ and $29.62{\pm}3.24\;kg/m^2$ for the females, respectively. There was a significant decrease in BMI for males (p<0.001) and females (p<0.05). There were also significant changes in all of the biochemical levels evaluated before and after the study. Specifically, the total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and TG level decreased after the obesity control program, while the HDL-cholesterol level increased after the program. These results indicate that obesity control programs do change the BMI, serum total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and TG levels in obese elementary students. Thus, obesity control programs are urgently needed to prevent degenerative disease and decrease obesity among children in elementary school.


Obese students;body mass index;cholesterol;serum lipid level


  1. 보건복지부. 2005. 국가 비만 관리 종합대책
  2. Baek SH. 2008. Review: The effect of physical activity on children's obesity. Journal of Korean society for the study of obesity, 17(2):55-64
  3. Baker JL, Olsen LW, Sorensen IA. 2007. Childhood body-mass index and the fisk of coronary heart disease in adulthood. New England Jounal of Medicine, 357(23): 2329-2337 https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa072515
  4. Choi BS, Lee IS, Shin HS. 1998. Effect of nutrition program on obese middLe school boys in Teagu. Korean J. dietary culture, 13(4):383-391
  5. Jeon HJ, Chung HJ. 2003. A study on the necessity of school education for child obesity part 1-A basic investigation for guideline of nutritional, physical education. Korean J. food & nutr, 16(3):197-202
  6. Kim HJ, Park TG. 2006. Effect of exercise on body composition and blood lipids in obesity and overweight children. Korean sports research, 17(3):261-270
  7. Lee MK, Jekal MK, Kim YS, Lee ES, Jeon SH. 2009. BMI muscular endurance, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese children. The Korean journal of physical education, 48(4):535-543
  8. Oh SW. 2008. Diagnostic criteria for childhood obesity. Journal of Korean society for the study of obesity, 17(4):188-190
  9. Park JK, Ahn HS, Lee DH. 2001. Dietary intakes and serum minerals composition in obese children. Journal of Korean society for the study of obesity, 10:156-164
  10. 구재옥, 이정원, 최영선, 김정희, 이종현. 2006. 생활주기 영양학. 효일출판사. 서울
  11. 박영숙, 이정원, 서정숙, 이보경, 이혜상. 2006. 제2개정판 영양교육과 상담. 교문사. 서울
  12. Kim SG. 1992. The effects of aerobic exercises on plasma lipids and lipoprotein concentration level of 40s women. Master degree thesis. Seoul National University
  13. Kim SW, Kang CK. 2000. The effect of exercise on leptin, blood lipid and body composition of obese children. The Korean journal of physical education, 39(4):414-425
  14. Na SH, Kim SY. 2003. A study on the prevention and treatment of children obesity. Korea sport research, 14(4):1159-1174
  15. 한국 영양학회. 2005. 한국인 영양 섭취 기준. 국진기획 출판사. 서울
  16. 박진경. 2001. 학령기 아동의 올바른 영양관리. 서울시 교육청. 서울
  17. Kim KH. 2005. Effects of eating habits and control of overeating of obese children on body weight control program. Korean J. food culture, 20(4):476-486
  18. Wang SG. 2007. Prevalence of obesity, food habits, and daily nutrient intakes of 4th grade elementary school students in Daejeon. J. Korean association of human ecology, 16(3):631-642 https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.3.631
  19. 서정숙, 이혜상, 이심열, 김경민, 김복희. 2007. 식생활관리. 신광출판사. 서울
  20. Park IR. 2004. The effect of tennis playing for 8 weeks on % body fat and serum lipids in elementary obesity student. Korea sport research, 15(6):2727-2738
  21. Watkins LL, Sherwood A, Feinglos M, Hinderliter A, Babyak M, Gullette E, Waugh R, Blumental JA. 2003. Effects of exercise and weight loss on cadiac risk factors associated with syndrome X. Arch Intern Med., 163(16):1889-1895 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.163.16.1889
  22. Kang HS. 2002. A Review on the childhood obesity. The Korean journal of physical education, 41(5):565-581
  23. Kwak MA, Kim DJ, Byun JS. 2009. Effects of body weigh control program contains exercise and auricular acupuncture on body composition and physical ability in obese children. The journal of Korean acupuncture & moxibustion society, 26(2):171-179
  24. Nam JH. 2007. Effects of a weight control program on anthropometric measurements and serum lipid profits of obese elementary student. Korea J. food & nutrition, 20(1):88-95
  25. Lee HS, Choi JS, Kim WY. 2005. Effect of nutrition education for weight control on the dietary behavior, anthropometry, body composition, and the serum levels of adipocytokines in the elementary obese children. Korean J. food culture, 20(3):323-330
  26. 대한비만학회. 2001. 임상비만학 2nd ed. 고려의학. 서울
  27. Kim TU, Park JJ, Park TG, Kim HJ, Park CH, Choi MG, Lee KH, Jeon JY, Yang YO. 2007. Effects of aerobic exercise combined with nutrition education on cardiovascular disease risk factors and insulin resistance markers in obese children. The korean journal of exercise nutrition, 11(2):123-128
  28. Kolotkin RL, Meter K, Williams GR. 2001. Quality of life and obesity. Obesity reviews, 2(4):219-229 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-789X.2001.00040.x
  29. 정희성, 서상훈. 2007. 소아 및 청소년 비만 예방과 치료를 위한 신체활동의 중요성. 체육연구논문집, 14(1):63-77
  30. Durstine JL, Grandjean PW, Cox CA, Thompson PD. 2002. Lipids, lipoproteins, and exercise. J. Cardiopulm. Rehabil, 22(6):385-398 https://doi.org/10.1097/00008483-200211000-00002
  31. Han DS, Eom WS. 2007. The effect of 12 week rope-jumping on an oebse elementary school student's body composition and blood lipid profiles. J. Korea sport research, 14(1):63-77
  32. Dietz WH, Robinson TN. 2005. Overweight children and adolescents. New England Jounal of Medicine, 352(18):2100-2109 https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp043052
  33. Sim SJ, Chun KS, Park HS. 2003. The relation of serum lipid profiles to overweight among children in Gangneung area. Korea society for the study of obesity, 12(2):146-153
  34. Tanasescu M, Leitzmann MF, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB. 2002. Exercise type and intensity in relation to coronary heart disease in men JAMA, 288(16):1994-2000 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.16.1994