A Study on the Toys Assessment of Harmful Substances and Control

완구제품에 함유된 유해물질 및 관리방안에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Seung-Don (Department of Safety Engineering, Seoul National University Science and Technology) ;
  • Son, Ki-Sang (Department of Safety Engineering, Seoul National University Science and Technology)
  • 김승돈 (서울과학기술대학교 안전공학과) ;
  • 손기상 (서울과학기술대학교 안전공학과)
  • Received : 2009.09.23
  • Accepted : 2010.09.13
  • Published : 2010.10.31


This study is to investigate and compare domestic hazardous toys with harmful substances with foreign toys so that we can find out management criteria for in cognitive infants. Actually, commercially used toys have been collected and tested to find out more effective management standard. it is tried to produce evaluation criteria of environmentally harmful substance but variety of product is needed for overcoming actual barrier due to lot of difficulty huge cost, time, objectiveness. Therefore, This study does not cover all the above. Establishment of evaluation criteria for product harmfulness made by Government or Local government should be continued to improve. Foreign reference material for toy product in Europe, USA, Japan have been investigated and domestic product have been collected and tested for containing heavy metals, formaldehyde, phthalate in the study. All the test have been made in accordance with KSM ISO 2124 to measure heavy metal transfer into body. Toy product used for the study have been purchased in the real market and some of them contains harmful elements with over standard. Post management system such as RAPEX to control periodically should be established for plastic toy with low quality product.


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