Learning Style and Self-directed Learning of Nursing Students at One University

일개 간호대학생의 학습유형과 자기주도적 학습

  • Park, Jee-Won (College of Nursing, Ajou University) ;
  • Bang, Kyung-Sook (College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University)
  • 박지원 (아주대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 방경숙 (서울대학교 간호대학, 간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2010.11.09
  • Accepted : 2010.12.08
  • Published : 2010.12.31


Purpose: This study was done to identify the preferences for learning style and the degree of self-directed learning and influencing factors on it among nursing students working on a Bachelor of Science in a nursing program at Suwon. Methods: The study sample included 156 nursing students. A self-report questionnaire was used to assess the data. The data was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN program for descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Most of the students preferred lectures rather than discussion or team projects as a teaching method. Students preferred deliberating, sensing, and the use of visuals for their learning style. In addition, they favored sequential learning over comprehensive learning. Self directed learning had better outcomes in 3rd and 4th year students than 1st or 2nd year students. Additionally, active learners and high achievers who had a good GPA showed higher self directed learning than the others. Conclusion: In order to maximize students' self-directed learning, study guidance will be necessary for freshmen and for some who experience difficulties in studying nursing courses. Nursing faculty members should pay close attention to facilitate student's self directed learning, and encourage more discussions in the classes.