Effect of Vitamin E on Production Performance and Egg Quality Traits in Indian Native Kadaknath Hen

  • Biswas, Avishek (Division of Physiology and Reproduction, Central Avian Research Institute) ;
  • Mohan, J. (Division of Physiology and Reproduction, Central Avian Research Institute) ;
  • Sastry, K.V.H. (Division of Physiology and Reproduction, Central Avian Research Institute)
  • 투고 : 2009.01.18
  • 심사 : 2009.08.26
  • 발행 : 2010.03.01


This experiment investigated the effects of increasing dietary vitamin E (VE) on production performance and egg quality traits of Indian reared Kadaknath (KN) hens. One hundred and eighty (180), day old female KN chicks were randomly distributed to three dietary treatment groups for a period of 30 weeks. Each treatment comprised three replicates, each containing 20 chicks. The basal diet ($T_1$) contained 15 IU VE/kg and the two experimental diets were supplemented with 150 and 300 IU VE/kg (diets $T_2$ and $T_3$, respectively). DL-${\alpha}$-tocopherol acetate was used as the source of VE. All chicks were provided feed and water ad libitum. Production performance in terms of body weight, egg weight and hatchability did not differ significantly (p>0.05), whereas sexual maturity, egg production and fertility differed significantly (p<0.05) in $T_2$ compared to the other two groups. Egg quality traits in terms of albumin weight, yolk weight, shell thickness, albumin index and yolk index did not differ significantly (p>0.05), whereas the Haugh unit score was significantly higher (p<0.05) in $T_2$ than the control ($T_1$) and high dose treatment group ($T_3$). From this study, it can be concluded that lower levels of dietary VE may be beneficial for production performance and Haugh unit score but have no effect on egg quality traits in Indian reared KN hens.


  1. Ayed, I. A., R. Dafalla and S. E. Adam. 1989. Effects of various levels of dietary vitamin E on broiler chicks. Vet. Hum. Toxicol. 31(1):50-53
  2. Bartov, I., Y. Weisman and E. Wax. 1991. Effects of high concentration of dietary vitamin E and ethoxyquin on the performance of laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 32(3):525-534
  3. Biswas, A., J. Mohan, K. V. H. Sastry and J. S. Tyagi. 2007. Effect of dietary vitamin E on the cloacal gland, foam and semen characteristic of male Japanese quail. Theriogenology 67:259-263
  4. Biswas, A., J. Mohan, K. V. H. Sastry and J. S. Tyagi. 2005. Effects of antioxidants on body weight, cloacal gland foam production in male Japanese quail. Indian J. Poult. Sci. 40(2): 142-145
  5. Bollengier-lee, S., P. E. Williams and C. C. Whitehead. 1999. Optimal dietary concentration of vitamin E for alleviating the effect of heat stress on egg production in laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 36:102-107
  6. Chan, K. M. and E. A. Decker. 1994. Endogenous skeletal muscle antioxidants. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 34:403-426
  7. Cheng, T. K., C. N. Coon and M. L. Harme. 1990. Effect of environmental stress on the ascorbic acid requirement of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 69:774-780
  8. Ciftci, M., O. N. Ertas and T. Guler. 2005. Effect of vitamin E and vitamin C dietary supplementation on egg production and egg quality of laying hens exposed to chronic stress. Rev. Med.Vet. 156(2):107-111
  9. Colango, G. L., L. S. Jensen and P. L. Long. 1984. Effect of selenium and vitamin E on the development of immunity to coccidiosis in chickens. Poult. Sci. 63(6):1136-1143
  10. Duncan, B. D. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1-12
  11. Gey, K. F. 1998. Vitamins E plus C and interacting co nutrients required for optimal health. Biofactors 7:113-174
  12. Haugh, R. R. 1937. The Haugh unit for measuring egg quality; US Egg and Poultry Magazine. 43:552-555
  13. Kondaiah, N., B. Panda and R. A. Singh. 1983. Internal egg quality measure for quail eggs. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 53:1261-1264
  14. Lin, Y. F., S. J. Chang and A. L. Hsu, 2004. Effects of supplemental vitamin E during the laying period on the reproductive performance of Taiwan native chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 45(6):807-814
  15. Mezes, M. and A. Hides. 1992. Is there lipid peroxidation induced malondialdehyde production during egg shell formation? Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, 40:297-301
  16. Muduuli, D. S., R. R. Marquardt and W. Guenter. 1982. Effect of dietary vicine and vitamin E supplementation on the productive performance of growing and laying chickens. Br. J. Nutr. 47(1):53-60
  17. NRC. 1994. Nutritional requirement of poultry, 8th ed., Washington, USA: National Research Council, National Academy of Science
  18. Nwachukwu, E. N., S. N. Ibe and K. Ejekwk. 2006. Short term egg production and egg quality characteristics of main and reciprocal crossbred normal local, naked Neck and Frizzle chicken×exotic broiler breeder stock in a humid tropical environment. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 5(7):547-551
  19. Parmar, S. N. S., M. S. Thakur, S. S. Tomar and P. V. A. Pillai. 2006. Evaluation of egg quality traits in indigenous Kadaknath breed of poultry. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 18(9):18-25
  20. Radwan, N. L., R. A. Hassan, E. M. Qota and H. M. Fayek. 2008. Effect of natural antioxidant on oxidative stability of eggs and productive and reproductive performance of laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7(2):134-150
  21. Singh, R. P. and B. Panda. 1987. Effect of seasons on physical quality and component yields of eggs. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 57:50-55
  22. Snedecor, G. W. and W. G. Cochran. 1994. Statistical methods, 8th edition, Oxford and IBH pub. Co. Kolkata, India
  23. Sunder, A., I. Halle and G. Flachowsky. 1999. Vitamin E hypervitaminosis in laying hens. Arch. Tierernahr. 52:185-194
  24. Surai, P. F. 1999. Vitamin E in avian reproduction. Poult. Avi. Biol. Rev. 10:1-60
  25. Surai, P. F. 1991. Nutritional and biochemical aspects of vitamins in poultry. D. Sc. Thesis. Ukrainian Poultry Research Institute
  26. Thakur, M. S., S. N. S. Parmar and P. V. A. Pillai. 2006. Studies on growth performance in Kadaknath breed of poultry. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 18(8):128-132